Volume 4, Issue 2 (June 2022)                   Iranian Evolutionary and Educational Psychology 2022, 4(2): 398-409 | Back to browse issues page


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Kiarostami A, Jeddi M, Roohinezhad S, Hakimi R. The Effectiveness of Positive Thinking Training on Mental Toughness and Social Well-being in Derelict Adolescents. Iranian Evolutionary and Educational Psychology. 2022; 4 (2) :398-409
URL: http://ieepj.hormozgan.ac.ir/article-1-534-en.html
1- MA, General Psychology, Department of Psychology, Shahr-e- Qods Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
2- MA, Educational Psychology, Islamshahr Branch, Islamic Azad University, Islamshahr, Iran
3- MA, Industrial and Organizational Psychology, Central Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
4- MA, General Psychology, Mahallat Branch, Islamic Azad University, Mahallat, Iran
Abstract:   (548 Views)
Mental toughness and social well-being are supportive characteristics that help adolescents, especially derelict adolescents, to cope effectively with environmental challenges. Accordingly, the present study was conducted to investigate the effectiveness of positive thinking training on mental toughness and social well-being in derelict adolescents. The research method was quasi-experimental pre-test-post-test with a control group. The statistical population of the study consisted of all derelict adolescents aged 13 to 18 years under the auspices of the Welfare Center of Karaj, Iran in the second six months of 2020. By accessible sampling method, 30 people were selected and randomly assigned to the control and experimental groups (15 people in each group). The experimental group received a Rashid (2009) Positive Intervention Package in 14 sessions for seven weeks, two 60-minutes sessions per week. The control group did not receive any intervention during this period. Research data were collected using Clough et al. Mental Toughness Questionnaire and Keyes's Social Well-being questionnaire (KSWBQ). Multivariate analysis of covariance was used to test the research hypotheses. The results indicated that positivity education increased the mental toughness and social well-being in derelict adolescents. Accordingly, the findings suggest that supportive institutions use positivity thinking training as an effective intervention to increase the positive virtues such as mental toughness and social well-being in derelict adolescents.
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Type of Study: Original | Subject: Educational Psychology
Received: 2022/02/28 | Accepted: 2022/05/11 | Published: 2022/06/1

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