Volume 4, Issue 2 (June 2022)                   Iranian Evolutionary and Educational Psychology 2022, 4(2): 398-409 | Back to browse issues page

XML Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Kiarostami A, Jeddi M, Roohinezhad S, Hakimi R. The Effectiveness of Positive Thinking Training on Mental Toughness and Social Well-being in Derelict Adolescents. Iranian Evolutionary and Educational Psychology 2022; 4 (2) :398-409
URL: http://ieepj.hormozgan.ac.ir/article-1-534-en.html
1- MA, General Psychology, Department of Psychology, Shahr-e- Qods Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
2- MA, Educational Psychology, Islamshahr Branch, Islamic Azad University, Islamshahr, Iran
3- MA, Industrial and Organizational Psychology, Central Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
4- MA, General Psychology, Mahallat Branch, Islamic Azad University, Mahallat, Iran
Abstract:   (685 Views)
Mental toughness and social well-being are supportive characteristics that help adolescents, especially derelict adolescents, to cope effectively with environmental challenges. Accordingly, the present study was conducted to investigate the effectiveness of positive thinking training on mental toughness and social well-being in derelict adolescents. The research method was quasi-experimental pre-test-post-test with a control group. The statistical population of the study consisted of all derelict adolescents aged 13 to 18 years under the auspices of the Welfare Center of Karaj, Iran in the second six months of 2020. By accessible sampling method, 30 people were selected and randomly assigned to the control and experimental groups (15 people in each group). The experimental group received a Rashid (2009) Positive Intervention Package in 14 sessions for seven weeks, two 60-minutes sessions per week. The control group did not receive any intervention during this period. Research data were collected using Clough et al. Mental Toughness Questionnaire and Keyes's Social Well-being questionnaire (KSWBQ). Multivariate analysis of covariance was used to test the research hypotheses. The results indicated that positivity education increased the mental toughness and social well-being in derelict adolescents. Accordingly, the findings suggest that supportive institutions use positivity thinking training as an effective intervention to increase the positive virtues such as mental toughness and social well-being in derelict adolescents.
Full-Text [PDF 485 kb]   (170 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original | Subject: Educational Psychology
Received: 2022/02/28 | Accepted: 2022/05/11 | Published: 2022/06/1

1. Aghai, F., & Mirmohammadi, S. M. (2018). Guardianship of children with bad guardianship. Paper presented at the Second national conference and the first international conference on law and political science, Ardabil, Iran.
2. Ahangari, E., Eshaghi, M., Rasouli, N., & Tahan, M. (2019). Determine the Impact of Immunization Intervention (Communication Illustration) on the control of the anger of abandoned children. Rooyesh-e-Ravanshenasi Journal(RRJ), 8(5), 233-240.
3. Alizadeh, S., Raheb, G., Mirzaee, Z., & Hosseinzadeh, S. (2020). Effect of Social Competence Training on Tendency Towards High-Risk Behaviors in Male Adolescents Living in Welfare Boarding Centers. Archives of Rehabilitation, 21(1), 54-73. doi:10.32598/rj.21.1.2874.1 [DOI:10.32598/RJ.21.1.2874.1]
4. Babapour Kheiroddin, J., Toosi, F., & Hekmati, I. (2010). Study of Determinant Factors Role of Students' Social Well-Being. Journal of Modern Psychological Researches, 4(16), 1-19.
5. Bekhet, A. K. (2017). Positive thinking training intervention for caregivers of persons with autism: establishing fidelity. Archives of psychiatric nursing, 31(3), 306-310. [DOI:10.1016/j.apnu.2017.02.006]
6. Carr, A., Cullen, K., Keeney, C., Canning, C., Mooney, O., Chinseallaigh, E., & O'Dowd, A. (2021). Effectiveness of positive psychology interventions: a systematic review and meta-analysis. The Journal of Positive Psychology, 16(6), 749-769. [DOI:10.1080/17439760.2020.1818807]
7. Chakhssi, F., Kraiss, J. T., Sommers-Spijkerman, M., & Bohlmeijer, E. T. (2018). The effect of positive psychology interventions on well-being and distress in clinical samples with psychiatric or somatic disorders: A systematic review and meta-analysis. BMC psychiatry, 18(1), 1-17. [DOI:10.1186/s12888-018-1739-2]
8. Crust, L., & Clough, P. J. (2011). Developing mental toughness: From research to practice. Journal of Sport Psychology in Action, 2(1), 21-32. [DOI:10.1080/21520704.2011.563436]
9. Damari, B., Emami Razavi, S. H., Hajebi, A., & Elahi, E. (2021). The Pro-Social Behaviors: Necessity of the Promotion of Social Health ofIranians. Journal of School of Public Health and Institute of Public Health Research, 19(2), 123-136.
10. Dargahi, S., Mohsenzade, F., & Zahrakar, K. (2015). The effect of positive thinking training on psychological well-being and perceived quality of marital relationship on infertile women. Positive Psychology Research, 1(3), 45-58.
11. Dehghannezhad, S., Hajhosseini, M., & Ejei, J. (2017). Effectiveness of positive thinking skill training on social maladjusted adolescent girls' social adjustment and psychological capital. Journal of School Psychology, 6(1), 48-65.
12. Foroozanfar, A. (2020). Positive Psychology and the Qur'an: A Comparative Study of the Constructs of Hope, Resilience, and Forgiveness. Iranian Evolutionary and Educational Psychology Journal, 2(3), 208-224. [DOI:10.29252/ieepj.2.3.208]
13. Ghiasi, S. E., Tabatabaee, T. S., & Nasri, M. (2016). Effect of optimism training on emotion regulation and psychological well-being in undergraduate students of University of Birjand, in 2014-2015. Pajouhan Scientific Journal, 14(4), 27-37. doi:10.21859/psj-140427 [DOI:10.21859/psj-140427]
14. Ghoreishi Rad, F. S., & Pour JabbarAkhouni, F. (2019). Investigating the Relationship of Social Health and Personality Traits with High-Risk Behaviors of Tabriz University of Medical Sciences Students in 2017: A Descriptive Study. Journal of Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences, 18(2), 107-120.
15. Grevenstein, D., & Bluemke, M. (2015). Can the Big Five explain the criterion validity of Sense of Coherence for mental health, life satisfaction, and personal distress? Personality and Individual Differences, 77, 106-111. [DOI:10.1016/j.paid.2014.12.053]
16. Kazemi, N., Mousavi, S. V., Rasoulzadeh, V., Mohammadi, S. T., & Mohammadi, S. R. (2020). The Effects of Positive Thinking Training on Psychological Hardiness and Social Competence of Students. Quarterly Journal of Child Mental Health, 6(4), 194-206. doi:10.29252/jcmh.6.4.18 [DOI:10.29252/jcmh.6.4.18]
17. Keyes, C. L., & Shapiro, A. D. (2004). Social well-being in the United States: A descriptive epidemiology. How healthy are we, 350-372.
18. Levy, A. R., Polman, R. C., Clough, P. J., Marchant, D. C., & Earle, K. (2006). Mental toughness as a determinant of beliefs, pain, and adherence in sport injury rehabilitation. Journal of Sport Rehabilitation, 15(3), 245-254. [DOI:10.1123/jsr.15.3.245]
19. Lindblad, C., Sandelin, K., Petersson, L.-M., Rohani, C., & Langius-Eklöf, A. (2016). Stability of the 13-item sense of coherence (SOC) scale: a longitudinal prospective study in women treated for breast cancer. Quality of Life Research, 25(3), 753-760. [DOI:10.1007/s11136-015-1114-4]
20. Melhe, M. A., Salah, B. M., & Hayajneh, W. S. (2021). Impact of training on positive thinking for improving psychological hardiness and reducing academic stresses among academically-late students. Educational Sciences: Theory & Practice, 21(3), 132-146.
21. Morley, S. (2015). Single cases are complex Illustrated by Flink et al.'Happy despite pain: A pilot study of a positive psychology intervention for patients with chronic pain'. Scandinavian journal of pain, 7(1), 55-57. [DOI:10.1016/j.sjpain.2015.02.004]
22. Mortazavi Emami, S. A. A., Ahghar, G., Pirani, Z., Heidari, H., & HamidiPour, R. (2019). The Effects of Positive Psychology Intervention on Self-Efficacy and Psychological Hardiness of Female Students. Quarterly Journal Of Family and Research, 16(2), 67-82.
23. Otis-Green, S., & Juarez, G. (2012). Enhancing the social well-being of family caregivers. Paper presented at the Seminars in oncology nursing. [DOI:10.1016/j.soncn.2012.09.007]
24. Packer, J., & Ballantyne, J. (2011). The impact of music festival attendance on young people's psychological and social well-being. Psychology of Music, 39(2), 164-181. [DOI:10.1177/0305735610372611]
25. Rahmati, F., & Naaimikia, M. (2015). The relationship between emotional intelligence and psychological hardiness in athlete and non-athlete students. Journal of Sport Management and Motor Behavior, 11(22), 141-148. doi:10.22080/jsmb.2015.998
26. Rashid, T. (2009). Positive interventions in clinical practice. JOURNAL OF CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGY, 65(5), 461-466. [DOI:10.1002/jclp.20588]
27. Rashid, T. (2015). Positive psychotherapy: A strength-based approach. The Journal of Positive Psychology, 10(1), 25-40. [DOI:10.1080/17439760.2014.920411]
28. Rashidzadea, A., Beyrami, M., Touraghashemi, T., & Mirnasab, M. (2019). The effect of teaching positive thinking skills based on spiritual resources and religious beliefs on resilience and psychological well-being of mothers with autistic children. Women and Family Studies, 12(43), 59-83. doi:10.30495/jwsf.2019.668799
29. Samavi, S. A. (2022). Positive Psychology Studies in Education. Frontiers in psychology, 13, 1-3. [DOI:10.3389/fpsyg.2022.845199]
30. Sayadi Sarini, M., Hojatkhah, S. M., & Rashidi, A. (2016). The Effectiveness of Positive Thinking Skills on Enhancement of Psychological Well-being and Decreased of Loneliness in Elderly Women. Aging Psychology, 2(1), 71-61.
31. Seligman, M. E., & Csikszentmihalyi, M. (2014). Positive psychology: An introduction. In Flow and the foundations of positive psychology (pp. 279-298): Springer. [DOI:10.1007/978-94-017-9088-8_18]
32. Sharifikia, T., Ahangri, E., Askari, Z., & Tahan, M. (2019). The Effectiveness of Positive Psychotherapy on the Feeling of Hope and Psychological Well-being of Vitiligo Patients. Rooyesh-e-Ravanshenasi Journal(RRJ), 8(2), 133-142.
33. Shoshtarirezvani, M., Jaladati, S. F., Hojatansari, Z., & Bahrami, M. (2021). The effectiveness of positivity education on students' mental health. New Approach in Educational Sciences, 3(1), 40-45. doi:10.22034/naes.2020.257485.1068
34. Sohrabi, M., Abedanzade, R., Shetab Boushehri, N., Parsaei, S., & Jahanbakhsh, H. (2017). The relationship between psychological well-being and mental toughness among elders: Mediator role of physical activity. IRANIAN JOURNAL OF AGEING, 11(4), 538 - 548. [DOI:10.21859/sija-1104538]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Send email to the article author

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© 2023 CC BY-NC 4.0 | Iranian Evolutionary and Educational Psychology Journal

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb