Volume 4, Issue 3 (September 2022)                   Iranian Evolutionary and Educational Psychology 2022, 4(3): 432-440 | Back to browse issues page

XML Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Kazemi M, Kazempoor Dehbidi Z. Investigating the Relationship between Self-regulation and Self-control in Adolescents with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder. Iranian Evolutionary and Educational Psychology 2022; 4 (3) :432-440
URL: http://ieepj.hormozgan.ac.ir/article-1-216-en.html
1- MA in Clinical Psychology, Islamic Azad University, Science and Research Branch, Tehran, Iran
2- Payam Noor University, Shiraz, Iran
Abstract:   (512 Views)
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a mental health situation that can lead to unusual levels of hyperactivity and impulsive behaviors. ADHD children suffer from self-regulation problems that lead to inattention, impulsivity, hyperactivity and inability in concentrate on tasks. The purpose of this research was to investigate the relationship between self-regulation and self-control in 13-17-year-old adolescents with ADHD. The method of the present research was descriptive-correlational type. The statistical population included all adolescents aged 13 to 17 years with ADHD who referred to counseling centers in Shiraz city, (Iran) in 2020 (N=273). The sample size was estimated to be 159 using Morgan's table and sample selected via accessible sampling. Data were collected using Bouffard self-regulation questionnaire and Tangney et al. Brief Self-Control Scale (2018). For data analysis, Pearson correlation and multiple regression were used. According to the results, the research model accounted for 33% of the variance in self-control. Also, the research results indicated that there is a positive and significant correlation between self-regulation and its components and self-control and its components. The findings suggest that teachers would use effective interventions to increase self-regulation and self-control in adolescents and reduce symptoms of hyperactivity and attention deficit in them.

Full-Text [PDF 533 kb]   (35 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original | Subject: Evolutionary Psychology
Received: 2020/07/22 | Accepted: 2020/09/11 | Published: 2022/09/1

1. Akhavan Karbasi, S., Golestan, M., Fallah, R., & Sadr Bafghi, M. (2008). Prevalence of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder in 6 Year Olds of Yazd City [Original article]. The Journal of Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, 15(4), 29-34. http://jssu.ssu.ac.ir/article-1-618-fa.html
2. Barkley, R. A. (1997). Behavioral inhibition, sustained attention, and executive functions: constructing a unifying theory of ADHD. Psychological bulletin, 121(1), 65. [DOI:10.1037/0033-2909.121.1.65]
3. Barkley, R. A. (2001). The inattentive type of ADHD as a distinct disorder: What remains to be done. Clinical psychology: Science and practice, 8(4), 489-493. [DOI:10.1093/clipsy.8.4.489]
4. Bell, A. S. (2011). A critical review of ADHD diagnostic criteria: What to address in the DSM-V. Journal of Attention Disorders, 15(1), 3-10. [DOI:10.1177/1087054710365982]
5. Berry, A. B., & Mason, L. H. (2012). The effects of self-regulated strategy development on the writing of expository essays for adults with written expression difficulties: Preparing for the GED. Remedial and Special Education, 33(2), 124-136. [DOI:10.1177/0741932510375469]
6. Bouffard, T., Boisvert, J., Vezeau, C., & Larouche, C. (1995). The impact of goal orientation on self‐regulation and performance among college students. British Journal of Educational Psychology, 65(3), 317-329. [DOI:10.1111/j.2044-8279.1995.tb01152.x]
7. Douglas, V. I. (1999). Cognitive control processes in attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder. In Handbook of disruptive behavior disorders (pp. 105-138). Springer. [DOI:10.1007/978-1-4615-4881-2_5]
8. Douglas, V. I. (2005). Cognitive Deficits in Children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: A Long-Term Follow-Up. Canadian psychology/Psychologie canadienne, 46(1), 23. [DOI:10.1037/h0085821]
9. Ejubovic, A., & Puska, A. (2019). Impact of self-regulated learning on academic performance and satisfaction of students in the online environment. Knowledge Management & E-Learning: An International Journal, 11(3), 345-363. [DOI:10.34105/j.kmel.2019.11.018]
10. Gifford Jr, A. (2002). Emotion and self-control. Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, 49(1), 113-130. [DOI:10.1016/S0167-2681(02)00061-6]
11. Jensen, P. S., Martin, D., & Cantwell, D. P. (1997). Comorbidity in ADHD: Implications for research, practice, and DSM-V. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 36(8), 1065-1079. [DOI:10.1097/00004583-199708000-00014]
12. Miller, C. J., Miller, S. R., Trampush, J., McKay, K. E., Newcorn, J. H., & Halperin, J. M. (2006). Family and cognitive factors: Modeling risk for aggression in children with ADHD. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 45(3), 355-363. [DOI:10.1097/01.chi.0000196424.80717.fc]
13. Morean, M. E., DeMartini, K. S., Leeman, R. F., Pearlson, G. D., Anticevic, A., Krishnan-Sarin, S., Krystal, J. H., & O'Malley, S. S. (2014). Psychometrically improved, abbreviated versions of three classic measures of impulsivity and self-control. Psychological assessment, 26(3), 1003. [DOI:10.1037/pas0000003]
14. Muraven, M., Baumeister, R. F., & Tice, D. M. (1999). Longitudinal improvement of self-regulation through practice: Building self-control strength through repeated exercise. The Journal of social psychology, 139(4), 446-457. [DOI:10.1080/00224549909598404]
15. Nigg, J. T., Sibley, M. H., Thapar, A., & Karalunas, S. L. (2020). Development of ADHD: Etiology, heterogeneity, and early life course. Annual review of developmental psychology, 2(1), 559. [DOI:10.1146/annurev-devpsych-060320-093413]
16. Norwalk, K., Norvilitis, J. M., & MacLean, M. G. (2009). ADHD symptomatology and its relationship to factors associated with college adjustment. Journal of Attention Disorders, 13(3), 251-258. [DOI:10.1177/1087054708320441]
17. Polanczyk, G., De Lima, M. S., Horta, B. L., Biederman, J., & Rohde, L. A. (2007). The worldwide prevalence of ADHD: a systematic review and metaregression analysis. American journal of psychiatry, 164(6), 942-948. [DOI:10.1176/ajp.2007.164.6.942]
18. Rosen, P. J., Vaughn, A. J., Epstein, J. N., Hoza, B., Arnold, L. E., Hechtman, L., Molina, B. S., & Swanson, J. M. (2014). Social self‐control, externalizing behavior, and peer liking among children with ADHD‐CT: a mediation model. Social Development, 23(2), 288-305. [DOI:10.1111/sode.12046]
19. Sanabra, M., Gómez-Hinojosa, T., Grau, N., & Alda, J. A. (2022). Deficient emotional self-regulation and sleep problems in ADHD with and without pharmacological treatment. Journal of Attention Disorders, 26(3), 426-433. [DOI:10.1177/1087054720986242]
20. Sarkis, S. M., Sarkis, E. H., Marshall, D., & Archer, J. (2005). Self-regulation and inhibition in comorbid ADHD children: An evaluation of executive functions. Journal of Attention Disorders, 8(3), 96-108. [DOI:10.1177/1087054705277265]
21. Schoepfer, A., Reitzel, J. D., & Norris, A. (2019). Low self-control and ADHD: similar yet different concepts in the study of crime. Journal of Crime and Justice, 42(3), 288-299. [DOI:10.1080/0735648X.2018.1535994]
22. Schunk, D. H. (2008). Metacognition, self-regulation, and self-regulated learning: Research recommendations. Educational Psychology Review, 20(4), 463-467. [DOI:10.1007/s10648-008-9086-3]
23. Sharma, A., & Couture, J. (2014). A review of the pathophysiology, etiology, and treatment of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Annals of Pharmacotherapy, 48(2), 209-225. [DOI:10.1177/1060028013510699]
24. Shiels, K., & Hawk Jr, L. W. (2010). Self-regulation in ADHD: The role of error processing. Clinical Psychology Review, 30(8), 951-961. [DOI:10.1016/j.cpr.2010.06.010]
25. Tangney, J. P., Boone, A. L., & Baumeister, R. F. (2018). High self-control predicts good adjustment, less pathology, better grades, and interpersonal success. In Self-regulation and self-control (pp. 173-212). Routledge. [DOI:10.4324/9781315175775-5]
26. Weber, W., & Newmark, S. (2007). Complementary and alternative medical therapies for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and autism. Pediatric Clinics of North America, 54(6), 983-1006. [DOI:10.1016/j.pcl.2007.09.006]
27. Zimmerman, B. J., & Martinez-Pons, M. (1990). Student differences in self-regulated learning: Relating grade, sex, and giftedness to self-efficacy and strategy use. Journal of Educational Psychology, 82(1), 51. [DOI:10.1037/0022-0663.82.1.51]
28. Zimmerman, B. J., & Schunk, D. H. (2011). Self-regulated learning and performance: An introduction and an overview. Handbook of self-regulation of learning and performance, 15-26.

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Send email to the article author

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© 2023 CC BY-NC 4.0 | Iranian Evolutionary and Educational Psychology Journal

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb