Volume 4, Issue 3 (September 2022)                   Iranian Evolutionary and Educational Psychology 2022, 4(3): 625-633 | Back to browse issues page


XML Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Moghari J, Vatankhah H R. Comparison of Personality and Psychological Characteristics in Successful and Unsuccessful Organ Transplant Patients. Iranian Evolutionary and Educational Psychology 2022; 4 (3) :625-633
URL: http://ieepj.hormozgan.ac.ir/article-1-545-en.html
1- Master student of Clinical Psychology, West Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
2- Assistant Professor, Department of Psychology, West Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (463 Views)
Although, the organ transplantation has many benefits for patients in need but a large ratio of organ transplant recipients suffer psychological problems including depression, anxiety and post-traumatic stress disorder. Therefore, the aim of this study was to compare personality and psychological characteristics in successful and unsuccessful transplant patients. In a causal-comparative study, two groups of successful and unsuccessful transplant patients (all organ transplant groups including kidney, heart, liver...) were compared. For this purpose, 100 transplant patients (50 people in each group) who lived in Tehran in the second six months of 2022, were selected by purposive sampling. Participants answered the questionnaire of Costa­ & McCrae (1992) personality traits and researcher-made psychological traits. Data were analyzed using SPSS software version 22 and multivariate analysis of variance. The results indicated there is a significant difference between two groups in personality traits (irritability, extroversion, openness, being conscientious and Compatibility) and psychological characteristics (risk-taking, self-control, ambiguity tolerance, daydreaming, challenging). Overall, the results supported from attention to the personality and psychological characteristics of patients with need of organ transplantation and designing psychological interventions for them.
Full-Text [PDF 445 kb]   (64 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original | Subject: Evolutionary Psychology
Received: 2022/02/18 | Accepted: 2022/06/17 | Published: 2022/09/1

References
1. Ashton, M. C., & Lee, K. (2009). The HEXACO-60: A short measure of the major dimensions of personality. Journal of personality assessment, 91(4), 340-345. [DOI:10.1080/00223890902935878]
2. Besser, A., Amir, M., & Barkan, S. (2004). Who signs an organ transplant donor card? A study of personality and individual differences in a sample of Israeli university students. Personality and Individual Differences, 36(7), 1709-1723. [DOI:10.1016/j.paid.2003.07.012]
3. Bunzel, B., Schmidl-Mohl, B., Grundböck, A., & Wollenek, G. (1992). Does changing the heart mean changing personality? A retrospective inquiry on 47 heart transplant patients. Quality of Life Research, 1(4), 251-256. [DOI:10.1007/BF00435634]
4. Costa Jr, P. T., & McCrae, R. R. (1995). Domains and facets: Hierarchical personality assessment using the Revised NEO Personality Inventory. Journal of personality assessment, 64(1), 21-50. [DOI:10.1207/s15327752jpa6401_2]
5. Costa, P. T., & McCrae, R. R. (1992). Neo personality inventory-revised (NEO PI-R). Psychological Assessment Resources Odessa, FL.
6. e Silva, V. S., Hornby, L., Lotherington, K., Rochon, A., Silva, A. R., Pearson, H., MacNutt, L., Robertson, A., Werestiuk, K., & Kuhl, D. (2022). Burnout, compassion fatigue and work-related stressors among organ donation and transplantation coordinators: A qualitative study. Intensive and Critical Care Nursing, 68, 103125. [DOI:10.1016/j.iccn.2021.103125]
7. Fahimi, M., Sirafi, M. R., & Soodagar, S. (2020). Structural Modeling of Treatment Adherence Based on Personality Traits, Social Support, and Disease Perception in Hemodialysis Patients [Original Research Article]. Middle Eastern Journal of Disability Studies, 10(1), 195-195. http://jdisabilstud.org/article-1-2186-fa.html
8. Garrosi Farshi, M., Mehryar, A. H., & Qazi Tabatabai, M. (2001). he application of the new Neo personality test and the analysis of its characteristics and factor structure among Iranian university students. Scientific-Research Quarterly of Human Sciences of Al-Zahra University, 39, 173-198.
9. Grinyó, J. M. (2013). Why is organ transplantation clinically important? Cold Spring Harbor perspectives in medicine, 3(6), a014985. [DOI:10.1101/cshperspect.a014985]
10. Kapikiran, G., Bulbuloglu, S., & Saritas, S. (2022). The Effect of Video Training before Organ Transplant Surgery on Patient Satisfaction and Anxiety: Head Mounted Display Effect. Clinical Simulation in Nursing, 62, 99-106. [DOI:10.1016/j.ecns.2021.09.001]
11. Liester, M. B. (2020). Personality changes following heart transplantation: The role of cellular memory. Medical hypotheses, 135, 109468. [DOI:10.1016/j.mehy.2019.109468]
12. Nazari, E., Mohamadzadeh, J., Khosravi, A., Ahmadi, V., & Kikhawani, S. (2020). Investigating of the Relationship of Psychological Factors with Immunological and Physiological Factors According to Moderator Role of Type D Personality Characteristic in Patients a waiting for Surgery in Imam Khomeini Hospital, Ilam, Iran [Research]. journal of ilam university of medical sciences, 28(2), 94-103. [DOI:10.29252/sjimu.28.2.94]
13. Omranifard, V., Ebrahimi, A., Basti, T., Sharbafchi, M. R., Sajjadieh, S., & Mortazavi, M. (2017). The Relationship of Drug Compliance with Depression, Anxiety and Coping Strategies in Patients with Kidney Transplantation. Journal of Isfahan Medical School, 34(409), 1430-1438. http://jims.mui.ac.ir/article_15106_a252b52e7817e7462d1874e44754cfa6.pdf
14. Ong, J. Q., Lim, L. J., Ho, R. C., & Ho, C. S. (2021). Depression, anxiety, and associated psychological outcomes in living organ transplant donors: A systematic review. General hospital psychiatry, 70, 51-75. [DOI:10.1016/j.genhosppsych.2021.03.002]
15. Safa, M., Mahmoudi, G. A., Najafizadeh, K., Ghassem Boroujerdi, F., & Khoddami Vishteh, H. R. (2015). Psychological Aspects of Confounding Factors in Patients Undergoing Lung Transplantation and Heart to Masih Daneshvari Hospital [Research Article]. Iranian Journal of Forensic Medicine, 21(3), 179-188. http://sjfm.ir/article-1-723-en.html
16. Sarwar Azimi Yazzdi, M. (2019). Comparison of psychological well-being, life expectancy and life satisfaction of transplant patients and kidney and liver transplant candidate patients First national conference of psychopathology, Ardabil.
17. Sheyda, S., Razairoodi, D., Froughi, E., & Masoudi, S. (2021). Predicting self-differentiation based on family communication models and personality types of married women. Family and Health, 11(3), 79-98. http://journal.astara.ir/article_248645_22776e3d18016825ffdbf03785d28d32.pdf
18. Thisayakorn, P., Sakunwetsa, D., Tangwongchai, S., Jirakran, K., Lolak, S., & Maldonado, J. R. (2021). The Psychosocial Assessment of Transplant Candidates: Internal Consistency, Interrater Reliability, and Content Validity of the Thai Version of the Stanford Integrated Psychosocial Assessment for Transplantation (SIPAT-Thai Version). Transplantation Proceedings, [DOI:10.1016/j.transproceed.2021.02.013]
19. Tolai, S. A., Maghani Lankarani, M., Naderi, Z., & Najafi, M. (2005). Personality traits and mental health of kidney transplant patients. JOURNAL OF PSYCHOLOGY, 9(4), 429-439.
20. Yates, W. R., LaBrecque, D. R., & Pfab, D. (1998). Personality disorder as a contraindication for liver transplantation in alcoholic cirrhosis. Psychosomatics, 39(6), 501-511. [DOI:10.1016/S0033-3182(98)71282-4]
21. Yousefie, H., Khodabakhshi-Koolaee, A., & Falsafinejad, M. R. (2020). Psychological Challenges of Patients After of With Renal Disease After Transplantation: A Qualitative Study [Qualitative Study]. Journal of Arak University of Medical Sciences, 22(6), 204-217. [DOI:10.32598/jams.22.6.5888.2]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:
CAPTCHA

Send email to the article author


Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© 2023 CC BY-NC 4.0 | Iranian Evolutionary and Educational Psychology Journal

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb