Volume 4, Issue 2 (June 2022)                   Iranian Evolutionary and Educational Psychology 2022, 4(2): 300-310 | Back to browse issues page

XML Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Pourmalek M M, Monirpour N, Zargham Hajebi M. Structural Model of Self-satisfaction Based on Identity and Social Justice in Graduate Students (Case Study: Students and Graduates of Master and Ph.D. Students of Tehran Universities). Iranian Evolutionary and Educational Psychology 2022; 4 (2) :300-310
URL: http://ieepj.hormozgan.ac.ir/article-1-497-en.html
1- PhD Student in Counseling, Department of Counseling, Qom Branch, Islamic Azad University, Qom, Iran
2- Associate Professor, Department of Psychology, Qom Branch, Islamic Azad University, Qom, Iran
Abstract:   (667 Views)
The aim of this study was to examine the structural model of self-satisfaction based on identity and social justice in Master and PhD students of Tehran universities. The method of the present study is correlational. The statistical population includes all master and PhD students of Tehran universities in 2020. The sample size was estimated based on Morgan's table formula 382 people who were selected by stratified random sampling. To collect data, the questionnaire of self-satisfaction (Diener et al., 1985), objective measure of ego identity status questionnaire (Bennion & Adams, 1986) and social justice scale (Hezar Jeribi, 2011) were used. The face and content validity, the convergent validity and the discriminant validity were confirmed. The reliability of the questionnaire was obtained through Cronbach's alpha for the questionnaire of.898. LISREL and SMARTPLS-3 software were used for data analysis. The results indicated that identity with beta -0.27 has a negative and significant relationship with self-satisfaction and social justice with beta 0.18 has a positive and significant relationship with self-satisfaction. In general, the research findings emphasize the need to pay attention to the capacities of family, university and peers in the development of individuals 'personality and students' sense of social justice.
Full-Text [PDF 518 kb]   (108 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original | Subject: Evolutionary Psychology
Received: 2022/02/10 | Accepted: 2022/04/14 | Published: 2022/06/1

1. Adams, G. R., & Fitch, S. A. (1982). Ego stage and identity status development: A cross-sequential analysis. Journal of personality and social psychology, 43(3), 574. [DOI:10.1037/0022-3514.43.3.574]
2. Arzani, G., & Basri, A. (2015). Predicting life satisfaction with emphasis on religious identity, resilience and life expectancy in the employees of a military and law enforcement unit. Military Psychology, 24(7), 23-34.
3. Bagheri, M., Hosseinzadeh, A. H., Heydari, S., & Zalizadeh, M. (2015). Life satisfaction among citizens in ahvaz: A case study. JOURNAL OF STUDIES OF SOCIO-CULTURAL DEVELOPMENT, 3(3), 91-108.
4. Bayani, A. A., Kouchaki, A. M., & Goudarzi, H. (2007). The reliability and validity of the satisfaction with life scale. DEVELOPMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY (JOURNAL OF IRANIAN PSYCHOLOGISTS), 3(11), 259-265.
5. Bennion, L. D., & Adams, G. R. (1986). A revision of the extended version of the objective measure of ego identity status: An identity instrument for use with late adolescents. Journal of adolescent research, 1(2), 183-197. [DOI:10.1177/074355488612005]
6. Çelik, R., Orçan, F., & Altun, F. (2020). Investigating the Relationship between Life Satisfaction and Academic Self-Efficacy on College Students' Organizational Identification. International Journal of Psychology and Educational Studies, 7(1), 76-85. [DOI:10.17220/ijpes.2020.01.007]
7. Dastghib, L., & Moradi, A. (2019). Investigating social factors affecting the life satisfaction of working women: the case study of Islamabad e Gharb. Women and Family Studies, 50(9), 97-81.
8. Diener, E., Emmons, R. A., Larsen, R. J., & Griffin, S. (1985). The satisfaction with life scale. Journal of personality assessment, 49(1), 71-75. [DOI:10.1207/s15327752jpa4901_13]
9. Dimitrova, R., Johnson, D. J., & van de Vijver, F. J. (2018). Ethnic socialization, ethnic identity, life satisfaction and school achievement of Roma ethnic minority youth. Journal of Adolescence, 62, 175-183. [DOI:10.1016/j.adolescence.2017.06.003]
10. Garrison, Y. L., Lee, K.-H., & Ali, S. R. (2017). Career identity and life satisfaction: The mediating role of tolerance for uncertainty and positive/negative affect. Journal of Career Development, 44(6), 516-529. [DOI:10.1177/0894845316668410]
11. Guillaume, R. O. (2021). Formal Knowledge Acquisition and Socialization to Educational Leadership by Program Graduates: The Intersection of Social Justice and the Role of Program Faculty. Journal of Research on Leadership Education, 16(2), 107-121. [DOI:10.1177/19427751211002223]
12. Hashemi , N., & Razavi , S. A. (2008). The Study and Comparison of Identity Styles and its Related Factors in Shahed Adolescent Students. Educational psychology, 4(13), 46-72.
13. Hezarjaribi, J. (2011). The study of feeling social justice and effective factors on it. Journal of Applied Sociology, 22(3 (43)), 41-62. [DOI:10.2753/CSA0009-4625430303]
14. Iman, M. T., & Kaveh, M. (2013). Measuring the level of life satisfaction among maskan-e mehr residents of foolad-shar. URBAN STUDIES, 2(5), 1-32.
15. Jia, Q., Zhou, J., & Huang, M. (2020). Life satisfaction predicts perceived social justice: the lower your life satisfaction, the less just you perceive society to be. Frontiers in psychology, 11, 1-13. [DOI:10.3389/fpsyg.2020.540835]
16. Karami, F., Sarvghad, S., & Baghouli, H. (2016). The relationship of secondary grade students' personality and identity styles with their life satisfaction. JOURNAL OF NEW APPROACH IN EDUCATIONAL ADMINISTRATION, 6(4 (24)), 115-128.
17. Khademi, A., & Ismail, M. (2015). The role of personality traits and identity styles in predicting life satisfaction of Islamic Azad University students, Tabriz branch. Women and Family Studies, 33(11), 7-26.
18. Krejcie, R. V., & Morgan, D. W. (1970). Determining sample size for research activities. Educational and psychological measurement, 30(3), 607-610. [DOI:10.1177/001316447003000308]
19. Lau, F. (2017). Methods for correlational studies. In Handbook of eHealth Evaluation: An Evidence-based Approach [Internet]: University of Victoria.
20. Lusa, S., Käpykangas, S. M., Ansio, H., Houni, P., & Uitti, J. (2019). Employee Satisfaction With Working Space and Its Association With Well-Being-A Cross-Sectional Study in a Multi-Space Office. Frontiers in Public Health, 7, 358. [DOI:10.3389/fpubh.2019.00358]
21. Mansouri, N., Kimiaee, S. A., Mashhadi, A., & Mansouri, A. (2016). The effectiveness of self-regulation couple therapy on marital satisfaction, identity styles and family problem solving. CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGY & PERSONALITY (DANESHVAR RAFTAR), 14(1 (26)), 51-60.
22. McLean, K. C., & Pasupathi, M. (2012). Processes of identity development: Where I am and how I got there. Identity, 12(1), 8-28. [DOI:10.1080/15283488.2011.632363]
23. Najimdeen, A. H. A., Amzat, I. H., & Badrasawi, K. J. (2021). The Effect of Satisfaction on Trust, Social Identification and Loyalty Amongst International Students in Malaysian Public Universities. AL-HIKMAH: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ISLAMIC STUDIES AND HUMAN SCIENCES, 4(3), 227-247. [DOI:10.46722/hkmh.4.3.21k]
24. Navabakhsh, F., & Garavand, J. (2011). A consideration about the effects of social justice on the national identity of kurd citizens. Cultural Studies & Communication, 7(22), 149-187.
25. Novitasari, D., Asbari, M., Wijaya, M. R., & Yuwono, T. (2020). Effect of organizational justice on organizational commitment: mediating role of intrinsic and extrinsic satisfaction. International Journal of Science and Management Studies (IJSMS), 3(3), 96-112. [DOI:10.51386/25815946/ijsms-v3i3p110]
26. Özkan, Z., Ergün, N., & Çakal, H. (2021). Positive versus negative contact and refugees' intentions to migrate: The mediating role of perceived discrimination, life satisfaction and identification with the host society among Syrian refugees in Turkey. Journal of Community & Applied Social Psychology, 31(4), 438-451. [DOI:10.1002/casp.2508]
27. Schmuck, P. E., & Sheldon, K. M. (2001). Life goals and well-being: Towards a positive psychology of human striving: Hogrefe & Huber Publishers.
28. Sedighian Bidgoli, A., & Lashkari, M. (2017). Systematic review of students' social problems in Iran. Quarterly Journal of Research and Planning in Higher Education, 23(3), 115-138.
29. Tagharrobi, Z., Sharifi, K., Sooky, Z., & Tagharrobi, L. (2012). Psychometric Evaluation of the Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS) in the Students of Kashan Nursing & Midwifery Faculty, Kashan, Iran. Qom Univ Med Sci J, 6(1), 89-98.
30. Taşdemir, N. (2020). Young Group Identification and Motives as Predictors of Ageism, Aging Anxiety, and Life Satisfaction. The Journal of Genetic Psychology, 181(5), 375-390. [DOI:10.1080/00221325.2020.1783195]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Send email to the article author

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© 2023 CC BY-NC 4.0 | Iranian Evolutionary and Educational Psychology Journal

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb