Volume 3, Issue 2 (June 2021)                   Iranian Evolutionary and Educational Psychology 2021, 3(2): 105-117 | Back to browse issues page

XML Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Friedony E, Bagholi H, Kouroshnia M, Barzegar M. The Effectiveness of Emotion-Communication Skills Training on Cognitive Emotion Regulation, Parental Self-Efficacy and Child Acceptance in Mothers of Children with Learning Disabilities. Iranian Evolutionary and Educational Psychology. 2021; 3 (2) :105-117
URL: http://ieepj.hormozgan.ac.ir/article-1-228-en.html
1- Department of Psychology, Department of Psychology,Islamic Azad University, Marvdasht Branch, Marvdasht, Iran
2- Department of Psychology, Islamic Azad University, Marvdasht Branch, Marvdasht, Iran
Abstract:   (765 Views)
The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of emotional communication skills training on emotion regulation, parental self-efficacy and child acceptance in mothers of children with special learning disabilities. The statistical population of this study consisted of all mothers of students with special learning disabilities. Sampling method was accessible in that the participants were selected from mothers of children with learning disabilities who referred to clinics under the supervision of education in Shiraz. Of the 32 selected participants, 15 were assigned to the experimental group and 17 to the control group, randomly. After the pretest, the experimental group was trained in emotional communication skills in ten sessions, while the control group did not receive any specific intervention. Then, post-test was performed for both groups. Garnefski Cognitive Emotion Regulation Questionnaire (CERQ), Dumka Parental Self Agency Measure (PSAM) and Parental Acceptance Questionnaire (PAQ) were used to collect data. The results indicated that the experimental and control groups had significant differences in the variables of cognitive emotion regulation, parental self-efficacy and parental acceptance. In general, the findings supported the effectiveness of emotional-communication regulation skills training on parental characteristics and personality of parents.
Full-Text [PDF 585 kb]   (414 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original | Subject: Educational Psychology
Received: 2020/05/12 | Accepted: 2020/10/18 | Published: 2021/06/1

1. Abarashi, Z., Tahmassian, K., Mazaheri, M. A., Panaghi, L., & Mansoori, N. (2014). Parental self-efficacy as a determining factor in healthy mother-child interaction: a pilot study in Iran. Iranian journal of psychiatry and behavioral sciences, 8(1), 19-25.
2. Aldao, A., Nolen-Hoeksema, S., & Schweizer, S. (2010). Emotion-regulation strategies across psychopathology: A meta-analytic review. Clinical psychology review, 30(2), 217-237. [DOI:10.1016/j.cpr.2009.11.004]
3. Amanollahi, A., Shadfar, A., & Aslani, K. (2018). Effectiveness of Child Parent Relationship Therapy on Parental Acceptance and Decreasing of disruptive behaviors. Counseling Culture and Psycotherapy, 9(36), 163-184.
4. American Psychiatric Association, A. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (DSM-5®). American Psychiatric Pub. [DOI:10.1176/appi.books.9780890425596]
5. Carnes-Holt, K. (2012). Child-parent relationship therapy for adoptive families. The Family Journal, 20(4), 419-426. [DOI:10.1177/1066480712451242]
6. Davis, S. (2018). Parent Training for Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders: The Effects on Parent Stress Levels, Parents' Self-Efficacy towards Parenting, and Child Problem Behaviors Roosevelt University].
7. Denault, A.-S., & Déry, M. (2015). Participation in organized activities and conduct problems in elementary school: The mediating effect of social skills. Journal of Emotional and Behavioral Disorders, 23(3), 167-179. [DOI:10.1177/1063426614543950]
8. Dumka, L. E., Stoerzinger, H. D., Jackson, K. M., & Roosa, M. W. (1996). Examination of the cross-cultural and cross-language equivalence of the parenting self-agency measure. Family Relations, 45(2), 216-222. [DOI:10.2307/585293]
9. Eisvandi, M., Gorji, Y., & Niknejadi, F. (2015). Effectiveness of Emotional Intelligence on Increasing the Psychological Dimension of Quality of Life of Mothers of Educable Mentally Retarded Children in Esfahan in. UCT Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities Research, 3(1), 29-31.
10. Garnefski, N., & Kraaij, V. (2007). The cognitive emotion regulation questionnaire. European Journal of Psychological Assessment, 23(3), 141-149. [DOI:10.1027/1015-5759.23.3.141]
11. Ghaemi, F., Soltaninejad, M., & Khaje, F. (2018). The Prediction of Quality of life Based on Cognitive Emotion Regulation Strategies and Communication Skills in Female Nurses. Iranian Journal of Psychiatric Nursing, 6(5), 50-56.
12. Golchin, R., & Hosseini-Nasab, S. D. (2013). A comparison of children's behavior problems among mothers with high and low emotional intelligence. Journal of Instruction and Evaluation, 6(24), 13-24.
13. Gravand, P., & Monshee, A. (2013). The effectiveness of teaching forgiveness based on Enright model and enriching the relationships on mental wellbeing and life quality of dissatisfied women from their marital life in the city of Khoram Abad. Middle Eastern Journal of Disability Studies, 2(12), 29-36.
14. Gross, J. T. (2018). Expressive Suppression In Middle Childhood: Links With Negative Emotion, Physiology, And Prosocial Behavior University of Maryland ]. Maryland. http://hdl.handle.net/1903/20731
15. Jafarnejad, F., Azmoudeh, E., Mazloum, S. R., & Reyhani, T. (2014). The Effect of Self-Efficacy Training Package on Maternal Self-Confidence of Primiparous Women in Infant Care. The Iranian Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Infertility, 17(104), 18-28. [DOI:10.22038/ijogi.2014.3021]
16. Jamali, M., Noroozi, A., & Tahmasebi, R. (2013). Factors affecting academic self-efficacy and its association with academic achievment among students of Bushehr University Medical Sciences 2012-13. Iranian Journal of Medical Education, 13(8), 629-641.
17. Jones, T. L., & Prinz, R. J. (2005). Potential roles of parental self-efficacy in parent and child adjustment: A review. Clinical psychology review, 25(3), 341-363. [DOI:10.1016/j.cpr.2004.12.004]
18. Kaplan, S., Cortina, J., Ruark, G., LaPort, K., & Nicolaides, V. (2014). The role of organizational leaders in employee emotion management: A theoretical model. The Leadership Quarterly, 25(3), 563-580. [DOI:10.1016/j.leaqua.2013.11.015]
19. Kuhn, J. C., & Carter, A. S. (2006). Maternal self‐efficacy and associated parenting cognitions among mothers of children with autism. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 76(4), 564-575. [DOI:10.1037/0002-9432.76.4.564]
20. Lau, W.-y., Chan, C. K.-y., Li, J. C.-h., & Au, T. K.-f. (2010). Effectiveness of group cognitive-behavioral treatment for childhood anxiety in community clinics. Behaviour research and therapy, 48(11), 1067-1077. [DOI:10.1016/j.brat.2010.07.007]
21. McLaughlin, K. A., Hatzenbuehler, M. L., Mennin, D. S., & Nolen-Hoeksema, S. (2011). Emotion dysregulation and adolescent psychopathology: A prospective study. Behaviour research and therapy, 49(9), 544-554. [DOI:10.1016/j.brat.2011.06.003]
22. Mostafavi, S., Shaeeri, M. R., Asghari Moghaddam, M. A., & Mahmoudi Charaie, J. (2013). Effectiveness Of Educating Play Therapy Based On Child Parent Relationship Therapy (Cprt) According Landreth Model To Mothers On Reducing Child Behavioral Problems. CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGY & PERSONALITY (DANESHVAR RAFTAR), 19(7), 33-42. https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?ID=326374
23. Noyan Erbaş, A., Özcebe, E., & Cak Esen, T. (2021). Investigation of the effect of Hanen's "More Than Words" on parental self-efficacy, emotional states, perceived social support, and on communication skills of children with ASD. Logopedics Phoniatrics Vocology, 46(1), 17-27. [DOI:10.1080/14015439.2020.1717601]
24. Olivares-Olivares, P. J., Ortiz-González, P. F., & Olivares, J. (2019). Role of social skills training in adolescents with social anxiety disorder. International journal of clinical and health psychology, 19(1), 41-48. [DOI:10.1016/j.ijchp.2018.11.002]
25. Pourmohamadreza Tajrishi, M., Ashouri, M., Afrooz, G. A., Arjmandnia, A. A., & Ghobari Bonab, B. (2015). The Effectiveness Of Positive Parenting Program (Triple-P) Training On Interaction Of Mother-Child With Intellectual Disability. ARCHIVES OF REHABILITATION (JOURNAL OF REHABILITATION), 16(2), 128-136. https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?ID=494162
26. Pugliesi, K. (1999). The consequences of emotional labor: Effects on work stress, job satisfaction, and well-being. Motivation and Emotion, 23(2), 125-154. [DOI:10.1023/A:1021329112679]
27. Ratcliffe, B., Wong, M., Dossetor, D., & Hayes, S. (2014). Teaching social-emotional skills to school-aged children with Autism Spectrum Disorder: A treatment versus control trial in 41 mainstream schools. Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, 8(12), 1722-1733. [DOI:10.1016/j.rasd.2014.09.010]
28. Rohner, R. P., & Ali, S. (2020). Parental Acceptance-Rejection Questionnaire (PARQ). In V. Zeigler-Hill & T. K. Shackelford (Eds.), Encyclopedia of personality and individual differences (pp. 3425-3427). Springer International Publishing. [DOI:10.1007/978-3-319-24612-3_56]
29. Rohner, R. P., & Khaleque, A. (2010). Testing central postulates of parental acceptance‐rejection theory (PARTheory): A meta‐analysis of cross‐cultural studies. Journal of Family Theory & Review, 2(1), 73-87. [DOI:10.1111/j.1756-2589.2010.00040.x]
30. Sadri Damirchi, E., Asadi Shishegaran, S., & Esmaili Ghazivaloii, F. (2016). Effectiveness of Emotion Regulation Training on Cognitive Emotional Regulation, Loneliness and Social Intimacy in Women with Addicted Spouse. Quarterly Journal of Social Work, 5(2), 37-46.
31. Salimi, M., Mahdavi, A., Yeghaneh, S. S., Abedin, M., & Hajhosseini, M. (2019). The effectiveness of group based acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) on emotion cognitive regulation strategies in mothers of children with autism spectrum. Maedica, 14(3), 240-246.
32. Sanders, M. R. (2012). Development, evaluation, and multinational dissemination of the Triple P-Positive Parenting Program. Annual review of clinical psychology, 8, 345-379. [DOI:10.1146/annurev-clinpsy-032511-143104]
33. Segrin, C., McNelis, M., & Swiatkowski, P. (2016). Social skills, social support, and psychological distress: A test of the social skills deficit vulnerability model. Human Communication Research, 42(1), 122-137. [DOI:10.1111/hcre.12070]
34. Seyed mousavi, P. s., Mazaheri, M., & Ghanbari, S. (2016). Psychometric Properties of Parental and Intimate Partner Acceptance-Rejection in Students [Original Research]. Iranian Journal of Psychiatry and Clinical Psychology, 21(4), 327-337. http://ijpcp.iums.ac.ir/article-1-2526-fa.html
35. Silverman, J., Kurtz, S., & Draper, J. (2016). Skills for communicating with patients. crc press. [DOI:10.1201/9781910227268]
36. Sobhigharamaleki, N., Abolghasemi, A., & Dehghan, H. (2014). Comparison Of A, B, C And D Brain Quadrants Dominance In Normal Students And Students With Learning Disabilities. JOURNAL OF LEARNING DISABILITIES, 3(4), 59-79. https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?ID=401125
37. Sun, M., & Lau, A. S. (2018). Exploring cultural differences in expressive suppression and emotion recognition. Journal of cross-cultural psychology, 49(4), 664-672. [DOI:10.1177/0022022118763749]
38. Tabrizchi, N., & Vahidi, Z. (2015). Comparing emotional regulation, mindfulness and psychological well-being in mothers of students with and without learning disabilities. JOURNAL OF LEARNING DISABILITIES, 4(4), 21-35.
39. Talei, A., Tahmasian, K., & Vafai, N. (2011). Effectiveness of positive parenting program training on mothers' parental self-efficacy. Journal of Family Research, 7(3), 311-323.
40. Thghizadeh, M., Ghorbani, T., & Saffarinia, M. (2015). Effectiveness of emotion regulation techniques of dialectical behavior therapy on emotion regulation strategies in women with borderline personality disorder and substance abuse disorder: Multiple Baseline Design. Journal of Research in PsychologicalHealth, 9(3), 66-73.
41. Varasteh, M., Aslani, K., & Amanelahi, A. (2017). Effectiveness of positive parenting program training on parent-child interaction quality. Counseling Culture And Psychotherapy, 7(28), 183-201.
42. Wittkowski, A., Dowling, H., & Smith, D. M. (2016). Does engaging in a group-based intervention increase parental self-efficacy in parents of preschool children? A systematic review of the current literature. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 25(11), 3173-3191. [DOI:10.1007/s10826-016-0464-z]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Send email to the article author

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© 2022 CC BY-NC 4.0 | Iranian Evolutionary and Educational Psychology Journal

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb