Volume 3, Issue 4 (December 2021)                   Iranian Evolutionary and Educational Psychology 2021, 3(4): 432-446 | Back to browse issues page


XML Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Safikhani F, Eftekhar Saadi Z, Naderi F, Marashian F S. Comparison of the Mindfulness and Imagery Rescripting and Reprocessing Therapy Effectiveness on Self-Efficacy among Mothers of Students with Autism Spectrum Disorder. Iranian Evolutionary and Educational Psychology. 2021; 3 (4) :432-446
URL: http://ieepj.hormozgan.ac.ir/article-1-224-en.html
1- PhD Student, Department of Psychology, Ahvaz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Ahvaz, Iran
2- Department of Psychology, Ahvaz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Ahvaz, Iran
Abstract:   (570 Views)
This study aims to compare the effect of mindfulness-based cognitive therapy and Imagery Rescripting and Reprocessing Therapy on self-caring mothers of children diagnosed with an autism spectrum disorder in 2019. The statistical population of the study is 105 mothers of children with an autism spectrum disorder in two schools of Ahvaz, of which 45 mothers are randomly selected and 15 people are divided into three groups. The type of research is applied based on purpose whereas the data collection method is based on field and quasi-experimental research, along with pre-test-post-test with the control group. Research tools consist of Long-Form Neff Self-Compassion Questionnaire (2003), Measuring Hall and Edwards (1986), Spirituality Training, et al. (2010), Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy Protocol (2003), and Imagery Rescripting and Reprocessing Protocol with Processing Cognitive by Smucker (1995). The results obtained from analysis of covariance by SPSS software version 24 show that mindfulness-based method with the simultaneous effect of group type and test status of (p = 0.00), F = 58.31, the effect size of 0.510, and also Imagery Rescripting and Reprocessing with cognitive processing with the simultaneous effect of type Experimental group and condition. (p = 0.00) and (F = 40.36) have an effect on self-compassion of mothers of children with autism spectrum disorder that the effect size is 0.394 and more than the error level of 0.05. Therefore, it indicates that there is no difference between the two treatments on self-compassion of mothers of children diagnosed with an autism spectrum disorder.
Full-Text [PDF 716 kb]   (115 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original | Subject: Educational Psychology
Received: 2020/09/20 | Accepted: 2021/02/6 | Published: 2021/12/1

References
1. Abasi, M., Begian, M., Ayadi, N., & Dargahi, S. (2015). Compare self compassion, cognitive avoidance and emotional self-regulation in students with and without learning disabilities. Quarterly Journal of Health Breeze, 4(1), 31-40.
2. Allen, A. B., & Leary, M. R. (2010). Self‐Compassion, stress, and coping. Social and personality psychology compass, 4(2), 107-118. [DOI:10.1111/j.1751-9004.2009.00246.x]
3. Baker, R. (2011). Understanding panic attacks and overcoming fear: Lion Books.
4. Bazzano, A. N., Martin, J., Hicks, E., Faughnan, M., & Murphy, L. (2017). Human-centred design in global health: A scoping review of applications and contexts. PloS one, 12(11), e0186744. [DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0186744]
5. Breines, J., Toole, A., Tu, C., & Chen, S. (2014). Self-compassion, body image, and self-reported disordered eating. Self and Identity, 13(4), 432-448. [DOI:10.1080/15298868.2013.838992]
6. Burke, M. M., Chan, N., & Neece, C. L. (2017). Parent perspectives of applying mindfulness-based stress reduction strategies to special education. Intellectual and developmental disabilities, 55(3), 167-180. [DOI:10.1352/1934-9556-55.3.167]
7. Carey, T. S., Garrett, J., Jackman, A., McLaughlin, C., Fryer, J., Smucker, D. R., & Project, N. C. B. P. (1995). The outcomes and costs of care for acute low back pain among patients seen by primary care practitioners, chiropractors, and orthopedic surgeons. New England journal of medicine, 333(14), 913-917. [DOI:10.1056/NEJM199510053331406]
8. Crane, C., Shah, D., Barnhofer, T., & Holmes, E. A. (2012). Suicidal imagery in a previously depressed community sample. Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy, 19(1), 57-69. [DOI:10.1002/cpp.741]
9. Dabrowska, A., & Pisula, E. (2010). Parenting stress and coping styles in mothers and fathers of pre‐school children with autism and Down syndrome. Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 54(3), 266-280. [DOI:10.1111/j.1365-2788.2010.01258.x]
10. Dahm, K. A. (2013). Mindfulness and self-compassion as predictors of functional outcomes and psychopathology in OEF/OIF veterans exposed to trauma.
11. Dealberto, M. J. (2011). Prevalence of autism according to maternal immigrant status and ethnic origin. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 123(5), 339-348. [DOI:10.1111/j.1600-0447.2010.01662.x]
12. Dervishaliaj, E. (2013). Parental stress in families of children with disabilities: A literature review. Journal of educational and social research, 3(7), 579. [DOI:10.5901/jesr.2013.v3n7p579]
13. Dibbets, P., & Arntz, A. (2016). Imagery rescripting: Is incorporation of the most aversive scenes necessary? Memory, 24(5), 683-695. [DOI:10.1080/09658211.2015.1043307]
14. Drikvandi, N. (2014). The effectiveness of love and friendship meditation training on psychological well-being, self-criticism and self-care of female students with emotional failure in Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz. Master Thesis in Counseling and Counseling-Family Counseling. Chamran of …,
15. Esser, J. (2012). The effects of Mindfulness Based Cognitive Therapy on patients with chronic anxiety and depression-a pilot study. University of Twente,
16. Frostadottir, A. D., & Dorjee, D. (2019). Effects of mindfulness based cognitive therapy (MBCT) and compassion focused therapy (CFT) on symptom change, mindfulness, self-compassion, and rumination in clients with depression, anxiety, and stress. Frontiers in psychology, 10, 1099. [DOI:10.3389/fpsyg.2019.01099]
17. Germer, C. K., & Neff, K. D. (2013). Self‐compassion in clinical practice. Journal of clinical psychology, 69(8), 856-867. [DOI:10.1002/jclp.22021]
18. Ghasemi, A., Hassani, M., Goodarzi, M., Afrand, M., & Manafi, S. (2019). Appraising influence of COOH-MWCNTs on thermal conductivity of antifreeze using curve fitting and neural network. Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, 514, 36-45. [DOI:10.1016/j.physa.2018.09.004]
19. Godfrin, K. A., & Van Heeringen, C. (2010). The effects of mindfulness-based cognitive therapy on recurrence of depressive episodes, mental health and quality of life: A randomized controlled study. Behaviour research and therapy, 48(8), 738-746. [DOI:10.1016/j.brat.2010.04.006]
20. Green, A. L., Ferrante, S., Boaz, T. L., Kutash, K., & Wheeldon-Reece, B. (2021). Evaluation of the SPARK Child Mentoring Program: A Social and Emotional Learning Curriculum for Elementary School Students. The Journal of Primary Prevention, 42(5), 531-547. [DOI:10.1007/s10935-021-00642-3]
21. Greenspan, S. I., & Wieder, S. (2006). Engaging autism: Using the floortime approach to help children relate, communicate, and think: Da Capo Lifelong Books.
22. Grunert, B. K., Weis, J. M., Smucker, M. R., & Christianson, H. F. (2007). Imagery rescripting and reprocessing therapy after failed prolonged exposure for post-traumatic stress disorder following industrial injury. Journal of behavior therapy and experimental psychiatry, 38(4), 317-328. [DOI:10.1016/j.jbtep.2007.10.005]
23. Hayes, S. A., & Watson, S. L. (2013). The impact of parenting stress: A meta-analysis of studies comparing the experience of parenting stress in parents of children with and without autism spectrum disorder. Journal of autism and developmental disorders, 43(3), 629-642. [DOI:10.1007/s10803-012-1604-y]
24. Horan, K. A., & Taylor, M. B. (2018). Mindfulness and self-compassion as tools in health behavior change: An evaluation of a workplace intervention pilot study. Journal of Contextual Behavioral Science, 8, 8-16. [DOI:10.1016/j.jcbs.2018.02.003]
25. Hwang, Y.-S., Goldstein, H., Medvedev, O. N., Singh, N. N., Noh, J.-E., & Hand, K. (2019). Mindfulness-based intervention for educators: Effects of a school-based cluster randomized controlled study. Mindfulness, 10(7), 1417-1436. [DOI:10.1007/s12671-019-01147-1]
26. Kabat-Zinn, J. (2003). Mindfulness-based interventions in context: past, present, and future. [DOI:10.1093/clipsy.bpg016]
27. Kemppainen, J., Johnson, M., Phillips, J., Sullivan, K., Corless, I., Reid, P., . . . Chen, W. T. (2013). A multinational study of self‐compassion and human immunodeficiency virus‐related anxiety. International nursing review, 60(4), 477-486. [DOI:10.1111/inr.12056]
28. Khosravi, S., Sadeghi, M., & Yabandeh, M. (2013). Psychometric properties of self-compassion scale (SCS).
29. Krieger, T., Altenstein, D., Baettig, I., Doerig, N., & Holtforth, M. G. (2013). Self-compassion in depression: Associations with depressive symptoms, rumination, and avoidance in depressed outpatients. Behavior Therapy, 44(3), 501-513. [DOI:10.1016/j.beth.2013.04.004]
30. Landkroon, E., Mertens, G., Sevenster, D., Dibbets, P., & Engelhard, I. M. (2019). Renewal of conditioned fear responses using a film clip as the aversive unconditioned stimulus. Journal of behavior therapy and experimental psychiatry, 65, 101493. [DOI:10.1016/j.jbtep.2019.101493]
31. Lienhart, C., & Caltabiano, M. (2019). The relationship between mindfulness, self-compassion and body appreciation. [DOI:10.1016/j.explore.2019.09.003]
32. Lowry, J. (2018). A Mindfulness Curriculum for School Counselors that Uses Bodymind Awareness, Art, and Games to Improve Self-regulation. California State University, Northridge,
33. Momeni, B., Brileya, K. A., Fields, M. W., & Shou, W. (2013). Strong inter-population cooperation leads to partner intermixing in microbial communities. elife, 2, e00230. [DOI:10.7554/eLife.00230]
34. Morina, N., Lancee, J., & Arntz, A. (2017). Imagery rescripting as a clinical intervention for aversive memories: A meta-analysis. Journal of behavior therapy and experimental psychiatry, 55, 6-15. [DOI:10.1016/j.jbtep.2016.11.003]
35. Murfi, A. (2015). Comparison of Pai and Pak: An overview of values of multicultural education. Ta'dib: Jurnal Pendidikan Islam, 20(1), 79-102. [DOI:10.19109/td.v20i1.218]
36. Neece, C. L., Chan, N., Klein, K., Roberts, L., & Fenning, R. M. (2019). Mindfulness-based stress reduction for parents of children with developmental delays: understanding the experiences of Latino families. Mindfulness, 10(6), 1017-1030. [DOI:10.1007/s12671-018-1011-3]
37. Neff, K. D. (2011). Self‐compassion, self‐esteem, and well‐being. Social and personality psychology compass, 5(1), 1-12. [DOI:10.1111/j.1751-9004.2010.00330.x]
38. Pasdar, K., Hasani, J., & NOURI, R. (2017). The Effectiveness of Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy on Self-Compassion in Patient with Mixed Anxiety-Depression Disorder.
39. Pintado, S. (2019). Changes in body awareness and self-compassion in clinical psychology trainees through a mindfulness program. Complementary therapies in clinical practice, 34, 229-234. [DOI:10.1016/j.ctcp.2018.12.010]
40. Proeve, M., Anton, R., & Kenny, M. (2018). Effects of mindfulness‐based cognitive therapy on shame, self‐compassion and psychological distress in anxious and depressed patients: A pilot study. Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice, 91(4), 434-449. [DOI:10.1111/papt.12170]
41. Rayan, A., & Ahmad, M. (2017). Effectiveness of mindfulness-based intervention on perceived stress, anxiety, and depression among parents of children with autism spectrum disorder. Mindfulness, 8(3), 677-690. [DOI:10.1007/s12671-016-0595-8]
42. Ridderinkhof, A., de Bruin, E. I., Blom, R., Singh, N. N., & Bögels, S. M. (2019). Mindfulness-based program for autism spectrum disorder: A qualitative study of the experiences of children and parents. Mindfulness, 10(9), 1936-1951. [DOI:10.1007/s12671-019-01202-x]
43. Sbarra, D. A., Smith, H. L., & Mehl, M. R. (2012). When leaving your ex, love yourself: Observational ratings of self-compassion predict the course of emotional recovery following marital separation. Psychological science, 23(3), 261-269. [DOI:10.1177/0956797611429466]
44. Schoenefeld, S. J., & Webb, J. B. (2013). Self-compassion and intuitive eating in college women: Examining the contributions of distress tolerance and body image acceptance and action. Eating behaviors, 14(4), 493-496. [DOI:10.1016/j.eatbeh.2013.09.001]
45. Seltzer, M. M., Floyd, F., Song, J., Greenberg, J., & Hong, J. (2011). Midlife and aging parents of adults with intellectual and developmental disabilities: Impacts of lifelong parenting. American journal on intellectual and developmental disabilities, 116(6), 479-499. [DOI:10.1352/1944-7558-116.6.479]
46. Smith, H. L. (2011). Expressive Writing Following Divorce: The Moderating Effect of Self-Compassion.
47. Smucker, M. R., Dancu, C., Foa, E. B., & Niederee, J. L. (1995). Imagery rescripting: A new treatment for survivors of childhood sexual abuse suffering from posttraumatic stress. Journal of cognitive psychotherapy, 9, 3-3. [DOI:10.1891/0889-8391.9.1.3]
48. Totsika, V., Hastings, R. P., Emerson, E., Berridge, D. M., & Lancaster, G. A. (2011). Behavior problems at 5 years of age and maternal mental health in autism and intellectual disability. Journal of abnormal child psychology, 39(8), 1137-1147. [DOI:10.1007/s10802-011-9534-2]
49. Vettese, L. C., Dyer, C. E., Li, W. L., & Wekerle, C. (2011). Does self-compassion mitigate the association between childhood maltreatment and later emotion regulation difficulties? A preliminary investigation. International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction, 9(5), 480-491. [DOI:10.1007/s11469-011-9340-7]
50. Volkmar, F. R., Lord, C., Bailey, A., Schultz, R. T., & Klin, A. (2004). Autism and pervasive developmental disorders. Journal of child Psychology and Psychiatry, 45(1), 135-170. [DOI:10.1046/j.0021-9630.2003.00317.x]
51. Vyshedskiy, A., & Dunn, R. (2015). Mental Imagery Therapy for Autism (MITA)-An early intervention computerized brain training program for children with ASD. Autism Open Access, 5(2).
52. Wilson, J. M., Weiss, A., & Shook, N. J. (2020). Mindfulness, self-compassion, and savoring: Factors that explain the relation between perceived social support and well-being. Personality and Individual Differences, 152, 109568. [DOI:10.1016/j.paid.2019.109568]
53. Yang, X., Zhao, J., Chen, Y., Zu, S., & Zhao, J. (2018). Comprehensive self-control training benefits depressed college students: A six-month randomized controlled intervention trial. Journal of affective disorders, 226, 251-260. [DOI:10.1016/j.jad.2017.10.014]
54. Yarnell, L. M., Stafford, R. E., Neff, K. D., Reilly, E. D., Knox, M. C., & Mullarkey, M. (2015). Meta-analysis of gender differences in self-compassion. Self and Identity, 14(5), 499-520. [DOI:10.1080/15298868.2015.1029966]
55. Zessin, U., Dickhäuser, O., & Garbade, S. (2015). The relationship between self‐compassion and well‐being: A meta‐analysis. Applied Psychology: Health and Well‐Being, 7(3), 340-364. [DOI:10.1111/aphw.12051]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:
CAPTCHA

Send email to the article author


Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© 2022 CC BY-NC 4.0 | Iranian Evolutionary and Educational Psychology Journal

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb