Volume 2, Issue 2 (June 2020)                   Iranian Evolutionary and Educational Psychology 2020, 2(2): 131-140 | Back to browse issues page


XML Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Heidari S, Maktabi G, Shehni Yailagh M, Behroozi N. The Effect of Mindfulness Training on Cognitive Flexibility in Sixth-grade Female Students. Iranian Evolutionary and Educational Psychology 2020; 2 (2) :131-140
URL: http://ieepj.hormozgan.ac.ir/article-1-197-en.html
1- Ph.D. student in Psychology, Faculty of Education and Psychology, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz, Ahvaz
2- Associate Professor, Department of Psychology, Faculty of Education and Psychology, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz, Ahvaz
3- Professor, Department of Psychology, Faculty of Education and Psychology, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz, Ahvaz
Abstract:   (1231 Views)
The study was conducted to determine the effect of mindfulness training on cognitive flexibility in sixth-grade female students. This research used a pretest-posttest study with control group. A multi-stage random sampling was used in 4 schools, among which 37 sixth-grade female students were randomly selected and assigned to two experimental (17 students) and control groups (20 students). Students in the experimental group participated in a mindfulness training course for 12 (120-minute) sessions for a month and a half. The study used Dennis and Vander Wal's Cognitive Flexibility Inventory (2010). The results of covariance analysis showed that there was a significant difference between the two groups in the scores of cognitive flexibility and due to the higher mean scores of the cognitive flexibility of the experimental group in the posttest (p> 0.05, p = 10.25), it can be stated that mindfulness training was effective in increasing students' cognitive flexibility.
Full-Text [PDF 290 kb]   (687 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original | Subject: Educational Psychology
Received: 2020/01/11 | Accepted: 2020/03/11 | Published: 2020/06/21

References
1. Abdi, R., Chalabianloo, G., & Jabari, G. (2016). Effect of mindfulness practices on executive functions of elementary school students. Practice in Clinical Psychology, 4(1), 9-16.
2. Arjomand Siahpoosh, I., Moghaddas Jafari, M. H., & Farboghlani, M. (2011). Investigating the Social and Cultural Factors Affecting the Academic Progress in High School Students in Shush, Khuzestan Province, Iran. Journal of Sociological Studies of Youth, 6(2), 7-20.
3. Baer, R. (2010). Assessing mindfulness and acceptance processes in clients: Illuminating the theory and practice of change: New Harbinger Publications.
4. Burton, N. W., Pakenham, K. I., & Brown, W. J. (2010). Feasibility and effectiveness of psychosocial resilience training: a pilot study of the READY program. Psychology, health & medicine, 15(3), 266-277. [DOI:10.1080/13548501003758710]
5. Cañas, J., Quesada, J., Antolí, A., & Fajardo, I. (2003). Cognitive flexibility and adaptability to environmental changes in dynamic complex problem-solving tasks. Ergonomics, 46(5), 482-501. [DOI:10.1080/0014013031000061640]
6. Chiesa, A., & Malinowski, P. (2011). Mindfulness‐based approaches: are they all the same? Journal of clinical psychology, 67(4), 404-424. [DOI:10.1002/jclp.20776]
7. Coholic, D. (2010). Arts activities for children and young people in need: Helping children to develop mindfulness, spiritual awareness and self-esteem: Jessica Kingsley Publishers.
8. Crane, R. (2017). Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy: Distinctive features: Taylor & Francis. [DOI:10.4324/9781315627229]
9. Deary, I. J., Strand, S., Smith, P., & Fernandes, C. (2007). Intelligence and educational achievement. Intelligence, 35(1), 13-21. [DOI:10.1016/j.intell.2006.02.001]
10. Dennis, J. P., & Vander Wal, J. S. (2010). The cognitive flexibility inventory: Instrument development and estimates of reliability and validity. Cognitive therapy and research, 34(3), 241-253. [DOI:10.1007/s10608-009-9276-4]
11. Frewen, P. A., Evans, E. M., Maraj, N., Dozois, D. J., & Partridge, K. (2008). Letting go: Mindfulness and negative automatic thinking. Cognitive therapy and research, 32(6), 758-774. [DOI:10.1007/s10608-007-9142-1]
12. Galla, B. M., Kaiser-Greenland, S., & Black, D. S. (2016). Mindfulness training to promote self-regulation in youth: Effects of the Inner Kids program Handbook of mindfulness in education (pp. 295-311): Springer. [DOI:10.1007/978-1-4939-3506-2_19]
13. Goldin, P. R., & Gross, J. J. (2010). Effects of mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) on emotion regulation in social anxiety disorder. Emotion, 10(1), 83. [DOI:10.1037/a0018441]
14. Hartkamp, M., & Thornton, I. M. (2017). Meditation, cognitive flexibility and well-being. Journal of Cognitive Enhancement, 1(2), 182-196. [DOI:10.1007/s41465-017-0026-3]
15. Hayes, S. C., Strosahl, K. D., & Wilson, K. G. (2011). Acceptance and commitment therapy: The process and practice of mindful change: Guilford Press.
16. Kurmi, N., Bhagyalakshmi, K., Kini, R. D., & Pai, S. R. (2015). Effect of mindfulness meditation on attention and executive functions in elderly people. International Journal of Biomedical Research, 6(3), 181-184. [DOI:10.7439/ijbr.v6i3.1736]
17. Li, Y., Liu, F., Zhang, Q., Liu, X., & Wei, P. (2018). The effect of mindfulness training on proactive and reactive cognitive control. Frontiers in psychology, 9, 1002. [DOI:10.3389/fpsyg.2018.01002]
18. Moore, A., & Malinowski, P. (2009). Meditation, mindfulness and cognitive flexibility. Consciousness and cognition, 18(1), 176-186. [DOI:10.1016/j.concog.2008.12.008]
19. Moser-Mercer, B. (2010). The search for neuro-physiological correlates of expertise in interpreting. Translation and cognition, 15, 263. [DOI:10.1075/ata.xv.15mos]
20. Murphy-Beiner, A., & Soar, K. (2020). Ayahuasca's 'afterglow': improved mindfulness and cognitive flexibility in ayahuasca drinkers. Psychopharmacology, 237(4), 1161-1169. [DOI:10.1007/s00213-019-05445-3]
21. Piet, J., & Hougaard, E. (2011). The effect of mindfulness-based cognitive therapy for prevention of relapse in recurrent major depressive disorder: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Clinical psychology review, 31(6), 1032-1040. [DOI:10.1016/j.cpr.2011.05.002]
22. Pour Mohammadi, S., & Bagheri, F. (2015). The Effectiveness of Mindfulness Training on Automatic Cognitive Processing. Journal of Psychological Studies, 11(13), 141-160.
23. Yadav, D. (2019). Effect of Meditation and Physical Activity MAP Training on Cognitive Flexibility Insight Problem Solving and Academic Achievement of Primary School Students. (Doctor of philosophy ), Dayalbagh Educational Institute.
24. Zong, J.-G., Cao, X.-Y., Cao, Y., Shi, Y.-F., Wang, Y.-N., Yan, C., . . . Chan, R. C. (2010). Coping flexibility in college students with depressive symptoms. Health and Quality of Life Outcomes, 8(1), 66. [DOI:10.1186/1477-7525-8-66]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:
CAPTCHA

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© 2022 CC BY-NC 4.0 | Iranian Evolutionary and Educational Psychology Journal

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb