Volume 2, Issue 3 (September 2020)                   Iranian Evolutionary and Educational Psychology 2020, 2(3): 208-224 | Back to browse issues page


XML Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Foroozanfar A. Positive Psychology and the Qur'an: A Comparative Study of the Constructs of Hope, Resilience, and Forgiveness. Iranian Evolutionary and Educational Psychology. 2020; 2 (3) :208-224
URL: http://ieepj.hormozgan.ac.ir/article-1-173-en.html
University of Hormozgan, Bandar Abbas, Iran
Abstract:   (1201 Views)
Hope, resilience and forgiveness are among the topics that have been considered both in the field of psychology and in the field of religion. All moral religions have sought to create and strengthen hope, resilience and forgiveness in human beings. In this article, an attempt has been made to examine the commonalities and differences between these constructs from the perspective of the Quran and positive psychology. Therefore, using library resources and descriptive-analytical method, the statements obtained from Quranic verses on the subject of hope, resilience and forgiveness have been examined. Identifying the foundations, effects and consequences of these structures, as well as the solutions offered to create and increase these features from the perspective of positive psychology and the Quran an have been among the objectives of this article. One of the most important findings of the research is that the basis of these characteristics in the Quran an is belief in God, resurrection and the nature of human perfectionism and in positive psychology, materialism, semantics and generally the issues of this world and individual. Achieving the desired perfection that is the goal of both views in the Quran is to achieve the nearness of God and the status of the expected divine caliphate and in positive psychology, success in life and having positive emotions. It seems that when a person suffers from a lack of meaning in life and does not satisfy the affairs of his material life, only believing in the origin of existence and hope for his infinite mercy and meeting. 
Full-Text [PDF 300 kb]   (448 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original | Subject: Educational Psychology
Received: 2019/12/14 | Accepted: 2020/05/13 | Published: 2020/08/31

References
1. The Holy Quran
2. Bahari, F. (2011). The fundamentals of hope and hope therapy: A guide to hope creation. Tehran: Danzhe.
3. Baharudin, D. F., Sumari, M., & Hamdani, S. M. (2019). Shame Transformation Using an Islamic Psycho-Spiritual Approach for Malay Muslims Recovering from Substance Dependence. In The Bright Side of Shame (pp. 199-214): Springer.
4. Bandura, A. (1997). The anatomy of stages of change. American journal of health promotion: AJHP, 12(1), 8-10.
5. Bishop, S. R., Lau, M., Shapiro, S., Carlson, L., Anderson, N. D., Carmody, J., . . . Velting, D. (2004). Mindfulness: A proposed operational definition. Clinical psychology: Science and practice, 11(3), 230-241.
6. Bonanno, G. A. (2004). Loss, trauma, and human resilience: Have we underestimated the human capacity to thrive after extremely aversive events? American Psychologist, 59(1), 20.
7. Bono, G., McCullough, M. E., & Root, L. M. (2008). Forgiveness, feeling connected to others, and well-being: Two longitudinal studies. Personality and social psychology bulletin, 34(2), 182-195.
8. Brose, L. A., Rye, M. S., Lutz-Zois, C., & Ross, S. R. (2005). Forgiveness and personality traits. Personality and Individual Differences, 39(1), 35-46.
9. Buchanan, K. E., & Bardi, A. (2010). Acts of kindness and acts of novelty affect life satisfaction. The Journal of social psychology, 150(3), 235-237.
10. Campbell‐Sills, L., & Stein, M. B. (2007). Psychometric analysis and refinement of the connor-davidson resilience scale (CD‐RISC): Validation of a 10‐item measure of resilience. Journal of Traumatic Stress: Official Publication of The International Society for Traumatic Stress Studies, 20(6), 1019-1028.
11. Castro-Olivo, S. M., Tran, O. K., Begum, G. F., Arellano, E. M., Garcia, N. M., & Tung, C. Y. (2013). A comprehensive model for promoting resiliency and preventing violence in schools. Contemporary School Psychology: Formerly" The California School Psychologist", 17(1), 23-34.
12. Connor, K. M., & Davidson, J. R. (2003). Development of a new resilience scale: The Connor‐Davidson resilience scale (CD‐RISC). Depression and anxiety, 18(2), 76-82.
13. Coyle, C. T., & Enright, R. D. (1997). Forgiveness intervention with postabortion men. Journal of consulting and clinical psychology, 65(6), 1042.
14. Csikszentmihalyi, M., Latter, P., & Weinkauff Duranso, C. (2017). Running flow: Human Kinetics.
15. Csikszentmihalyi, M., & Seligman, M. E. (2000). Positive psychology: An introduction. American Psychologist, 55(1), 5-14.
16. Diener, E., & Lucas, R. E. (2000). Explaining differences in societal levels of happiness: Relative standards, need fulfillment, culture, and evaluation theory. Journal of Happiness Studies, 1(1), 41-78.
17. Enright, R. D., Gassin, E. A., & Wu, C. R. (1992). Forgiveness: A developmental view. In (Vol. 21, pp. 99-114): Taylor & Francis.
18. Fazlullah, S. M. H. (2007). al-Malek publishing house, 1419 AD• Ghorashi, Ali Akbar. Qamas al-Quran. Tehran, Dar al-Kabul al-Islami, 1996.• Qomi Mashhadi, Mohammad ibn Mohammad Reza."Kans Al-Daghaegh and Bahr al-Gharreb". Tehran, Printing and Publishing Organization of the. Islamic Studies, 75, 11-38.
19. Feldman, D. B., Rand, K. L., & Kahle-Wrobleski, K. (2009). Hope and goal attainment: Testing a basic prediction of hope theory. Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 28(4), 479-497.
20. Fowler, R. D., Seligman, M. E., & Koocher, G. P. (1999). The APA 1998 Annual Report. American Psychologist, 54(8), 537.
21. Fredrickson, B. L. (2003). The value of positive emotions: The emerging science of positive psychology is coming to understand why it's good to feel good. American scientist, 91(4), 330-335.
22. Gismero-González, E., Jódar, R., Martínez, M. P., Carrasco, M. J., Cagigal, V., & Prieto-Ursúa, M. (2020). Interpersonal Offenses and Psychological Well-Being: The Mediating Role of Forgiveness. Journal of Happiness Studies, 21(1), 75-94.
23. Gordon, K. C. (2003). Forgiveness and marriage: Preliminary support for a measure based on a model of recovery from a marital betrayal. American Journal of Family Therapy, 31(3), 179-199.
24. Harris, A. H., & Thoresen, C. E. (2005). Forgiveness, unforgiveness, health, and disease. Handbook of forgiveness, 321-334.
25. Harzer, C. (2016). The eudaimonics of human strengths: The relations between character strengths and well-being. In Handbook of eudaimonic well-being (pp. 307-322): Springer.
26. JahangiriZadeh, P., & Khodabakhshi Koolaee, A. (2016). The relationship between self-concept, life satisfaction and hope among retired and housewife older adults' women. Journal of Gerontology, 1(1), 19-28.
27. James, S. L., & Roby, J. L. (2019). Comparing reunified and residential care facility children's wellbeing in Ghana: The role of hope. Children and Youth Services Review, 96, 316-325.
28. Joseph, S., & Linley, P. A. (2006). Growth following adversity: Theoretical perspectives and implications for clinical practice. Clinical psychology review, 26(8), 1041-1053.
29. Kim, L. M., Johnson, J. L., & Ripley, J. (2011). A" Perfect" Storm: Perfectionism, Forgiveness, and Marital Satisfaction. Individual Differences Research, 9(4).
30. Koutsos, P., Wertheim, E. H., & Kornblum, J. (2008). Paths to interpersonal forgiveness: The roles of personality, disposition to forgive and contextual factors in predicting forgiveness following a specific offence. Personality and Individual Differences, 44(2), 337-348.
31. Lopez, S. J., Pedrotti, J. T., & Snyder, C. R. (2007). Positive psychology: The scientific and practical explorations of human. In: SAGE Publications, Inc.
32. Luskin, F. (2006). Forgive for good: KTEH & Standford University.
33. Luthar, S. S., Cicchetti, D., & Becker, B. (2000). Research on resilience: Response to commentaries. Child development, 71(3), 573-575.
34. Masten, A. S., & Reed, M.-G. J. (2002). Resilience in development. Handbook of positive psychology, 74, 88.
35. McCullough, M. E., Pargament, K. I., & Thoresen, C. E. (2000). Forgiveness: Theory, research, and practice: Guilford Press.
36. Myerberg, L. (2011). Forgiveness and Self-Regulation: Forgiveness as a Mechanism of Self-Regulation. An Ego-Depletion Model. Honors Thesis in Psychology University of Richmond,
37. Perkins, D. F., & Jones, K. R. (2004). Risk behaviors and resiliency within physically abused adolescents. Child abuse & neglect, 28(5), 547-563.
38. Rainey, C. A., Readdick, C. A., & Thyer, B. A. (2012). Forgiveness-Based Group Therapy. Best Practices in Mental Health, 8(1), 29-51.
39. Rye, M. S., & Pargament, K. I. (2002). Forgiveness and romantic relationships in college: Can it heal the wounded heart? Journal of Clinical Psychology, 58(4), 419-441.
40. Samavi, S. A., Najarpourian, S., & Javdan, M. (2019). The effectiveness of group Hope therapy in labor pain and mental health of pregnant women. Psychological Reports, 122(6), 2063-2073.
41. Seligman, M. E. (2006). Learned optimism: How to change your mind and your life: Vintage.
42. Sheldon, K. M., & King, L. (2001). Why positive psychology is necessary. American Psychologist, 56(3), 216.
43. Snyder, C. R. (1994). The psychology of hope: You can get there from here: Simon and Schuster.
44. Snyder, C. R. (2002). Hope theory: Rainbows in the mind. Psychological inquiry, 13(4), 249-275.
45. Snyder, C. R., Shorey, H. S., Cheavens, J., Pulvers, K. M., Adams III, V. H., & Wiklund, C. (2002). Hope and academic success in college. Journal of Educational Psychology, 94(4), 820.
46. Tangney, J. P., Boone, A. L., & Dearing, R. (2005). Forgiving the self: Conceptual issues and empirical findings. Handbook of forgiveness, 143-158.
47. Thompson, L. Y., Snyder, C. R., Hoffman, L., Michael, S. T., Rasmussen, H. N., Billings, L. S., . . . Roberts, J. C. (2005). Dispositional forgiveness of self, others, and situations. Journal of personality, 73(2), 313-360.
48. Toussaint, L., & Webb, J. R. (2005). Theoretical and empirical connections between forgiveness, mental health, and well-being. Handbook of forgiveness, 349-362.
49. Ungar, M. (2008). Resilience across cultures. The British Journal of Social Work, 38(2), 218-235.
50. Webb, J. R., Toussaint, L., & Conway-Williams, E. (2012). Forgiveness and health: Psycho-spiritual integration and the promotion of better healthcare. Journal of Health Care Chaplaincy, 18(1-2), 57-73.
51. Wohl, M. J., Pychyl, T. A., & Bennett, S. H. (2010). I forgive myself, now I can study: How self-forgiveness for procrastinating can reduce future procrastination. Personality and Individual Differences, 48(7), 803-808.
52. Worthington Jr, E. L. (2007). Handbook of forgiveness: Routledge.

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:
CAPTCHA

Send email to the article author


Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© 2022 CC BY-NC 4.0 | Iranian Evolutionary and Educational Psychology Journal

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb