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:: Volume 1, Issue 4 (December 2019) ::
IEEPJ 2019, 1(4): 295-309 Back to browse issues page
Cognitive Ability of Reasoning among Preschool and Early Primary School Students: The Proper Psychometric Test and Some of the Influencing Factors
Afsoon Piroozan *1, Seyyed Ayatollah Razmjoo Dr.2, Sholeh Namazi Dr.3
1- Department of English Language, Qeshm Branch, Islamic Azad University, Qeshm, Iran, Iran
2- Department of Foreign Languages & Linguistics, Shiraz University, Shiraz, Iran, Iran
3- Research center for behavioral and neurosciences, School of medicine, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran, Iran
Abstract:   (72 Views)
School education is crucial for personal/social development. To confirm the demand for special education any child is required to be assessed. Instruments that measure children’s intellectual abilities aid teachers to adapt their teaching environments once pupils with special needs are recognized. This correlational study’s intention was developing, validating and implementing a psychometric test to assess reasoning skill among children. Some of the influencing factors such as age, gender and parents’ educational level were meanwhile investigated. Hence, three subtests that assess abstract, quantitative, nonverbal, matrix and visual reasoning were selected under the supervision of scholars of the field to develop a psychometric test whose internal consistency was calculated through Pearson Coefficient Correlation by giving the test to 150 volunteer participants. All the calculated values declared high internal consistency. Then, 222 male and female preschool, first grade and second grade students were selected through multiple stage stratified sampling to participate in the study. Their reasoning ability was compared based on age, gender and parents’ educational level using ANOVA and tukey tests in SPSS22. The findings regarding age and parents’ educational level were controversial: younger children had better reasoning skills also children of fathers with lower academic degrees outperformed their peers. No statistically significant difference was observed regarding gender. Such findings could help educational policy makers and scholars of educational psychology to fill the gaps of educational contents and environments specifically during early school education. The developed instrument assists teachers modify teaching methods and environments to help weaker children flourish cognitively.
Keywords: Cognitive ability, Reasoning, Primary school education, Children.
Full-Text [PDF 365 kb]   (21 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original | Subject: Educational Psychology
Received: 2019/09/7 | Accepted: 2019/12/15 | Published: 2019/12/18
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Piroozan A, Razmjoo S A, Namazi S. Cognitive Ability of Reasoning among Preschool and Early Primary School Students: The Proper Psychometric Test and Some of the Influencing Factors. IEEPJ. 2019; 1 (4) :295-309
URL: http://ieepj.hormozgan.ac.ir/article-1-142-en.html

Volume 1, Issue 4 (December 2019) Back to browse issues page
Iranian Evolutionary and Educational Psychology Journal
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