Authors:

Reza Fallahchai, Maryam Fallahi, Arefeh Moazen Jami

Abstract:
The prevalence of perfectionism among university students has been reported particularly high, and new theories have been presented to explain its impacts. This study was conducted to evaluate the effect of adaptive and maladaptive perfectionism on psychological well-being in undergraduate and graduate university students. 668 university students (386 undergraduate and 282 graduate students) who studied at Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz and Shiraz University participated voluntarily in this study. They completed the Revised Almost Perfect Scale (APS-R) questionnaire and Ryff’s Well-Being Scale. The results showed that the mean scores of adaptive perfectionist students in the psychological well-being and its sub-scales, autonomy, purpose in life, positive relations with others, and environmental mastery, were higher than the group of students with maladaptive perfectionist and non- perfectionist. The statistically significant difference was found (P <0.01). As a result, it can be said that adaptive perfectionist is accompanied by better and higher performance and consequently leads to a higher psychological well-being.
Key word:
Adaptive perfectionist, maladaptive perfectionist, Psychological well-being, University Students.

Authors:

Lida Esmaeili

Abstract:
The present survey aim is to study the association of personality traits and spiritual health with job burnout of employees. To achieve this objective, a multivariate correlative methodology is adopted. The statistical population of present study includes all employees of Management and Planning Organization and Governance of Fars Province working during 2016. In this case, accessibility sampling is adopted as the sampling method. Based on Krejcie-Morgan table for limited samples, the size of the sample is equal to 190 out of 500 participants who are included in the statistical population. Data collection is done through questionnaire distribution and collected data is analyzed through stepwise multivariate regressions in SPSS Software (version. 20). The results suggest that among five aspects of personality, extraversion, openness, agreeableness, and conscientiousness do not play a significant role in the prediction of employees’ job burnout. However, neuroticism has a significant association with job burnout (B=0.21). In addition to neuroticism, the second step of regression analysis suggested that spiritual health and two items of religious health and existential health play a significant role in job burnout as regression coefficients of spiritual health, religious health, and existential health are -1.9, -2.77 and -1.25 respectively. Based on Beta values, one could state that total score of spiritual health (B=4.37) is the strongest predictor of job burnout. It should be noted that addition of spiritual health and its items into analysis reduces the influence of neuroticism. The reduction is due to the negative correlation of spiritual health with job burnout. Consequently, high spiritual health can reduce the effect of neuroticism on job burnout.
Key word:
Personality Traits, Spiritual Health, Job Burnout, Employees.

Authors:

Hossein Zainalipour, Fatemeh Mahmoodi, Yaghoob Raissi Ahvan

Abstract:
The present research aimed to identify the elements of corporate culture in Farzanegan schools (schools for gifted and talented students) of Bandar Abbas in Iran. National Organization for Development of Exceptional Talents ( NODET ) are national selective schools in Iran developed specifically for the development of exceptionally talented students. In this study we employ a grounded theory approach and a systematic plan. The population of this study consists of all principals, teachers, and students of high schools for gifted students in the city of Bandar Abbas in Iran. Fifty-two principals, teachers, and students were selected through purposeful and theoretical sampling and were interviewed by a main question and a number of open questions. The reliability of research for data collection tools was determined by using generator questions. The data were analyzed using grounded theory. In the conceptualization stage, 33 concepts were extracted from the responses of the interviewees. The concepts were categorized in three dimensions of corporate culture and then the known dimensions were free coded with titles of organized organization, role model, and strategic initiatives. Then, code of strategic initiatives (actions) was selected as the key code and explained the other codes by paradigm pattern.
Key word:
effective schools, elements of corporate culture, grounded theory, qualitative research

Authors:

Mehdi Keshavarzi, Mohammad Hossein Yarmohammadian*, Mohammad Ali Nadi

Abstract:
One of the tasks of a university is student#39;s competencies in different areas, including recognition of the future or futures studies. The growth of Students through improved education during the academic years will be able to futures studies; therefore, it can be argued that one of the critical variables that can affect students#39; futures growth potential, is the quality of their teaching and learning methods. This study aim is to design teaching methods based on the development of futures studies in higher education which was conducted by using grounded theory by the qualitative research. In this study, 12 experts of curriculum areas and futures studies were interviewed. The full text of responses of interviewees was performed from a recorded version in the coding process, the given comments were divided by software MAXQDA 12 into separate concepts and then familiar concepts set in a separate category, and the component of teaching methods was identified as the major categories of research. In the final model, the barriers, strategies, and consequences had presented for compiling of the teaching methods based on the futures studies development separately and in the framework of the analysis models.
Key word:
Curriculum, futures studies, teaching methods, higher education.

Authors:

Halleh Saboori, Kourosh Mohammadi

Abstract:
Resilience and spiritual intelligence are major factors of organizational commitment. Today the organizations are successful and these have empowered the committed staffs with high social and spiritual intelligence. Current research aims at investigating the relationship of resilience and spiritual intelligence with organizational commitment in the staffs of Sirjan universities. Three types of questionnaires were used as research tools, which includes: Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC), King’s Spiritual Intelligence Self-Report Inventory (SISRI-24), and Meyer and Allen#39;s Organizational Commitment questionnaire. Pearson correlation and multi-variate linear regression were used for data analysis. Current research findings showed that there is a significant relationship between resilience, spiritual intelligence, and organizational commitment. Also, linear regression results indicated that staff resilience predicts their organizational commitment. And among the dimensions of spiritual intelligence entered into the equation, only conscious state expansion dimension is a significant predictor of organizational commitment (P< 0.05).
Key word:
Resilience, spiritual intelligence, organizational commitment

Authors:

Leila Khajehpour, Ali Reza Yousefi, Narges Keshtiaray

Abstract:
This study is aimed at investigating the concept of lust emotion and its management strategies in Saadi Bustan. The data collection method is the descriptive-analytical method, and the analyzed sample is Saadi Bustan. The results suggest that the humans control himself and try to bypass his animal aspect. His recommendations regarding the control of physical and sexual passions include: eating less and leaving self-indulgence, contentment and leaving greed, remembering death and seizing life, having shame before the Lord of the universe, struggling with carnality, putting the reason and wisdom as ruling powers, not being disappointed of returning to the right way and doing repentance, and the direct and explicit way of forbearance and marriage and choosing the right and pious partner to control sexual lust. The result: Saadi has known the human dignity values restricted to the humanistic encounters that arose from the human spirit. From his perspective, the adornment of the human body and appearance is not the criterion of humanity, and if human life is based on eating, sleeping, anger, and lust, so there is no difference between humans and animals. He knows the severe adherence to mundane world as the seduction of self and downgrades to animal levels believes that the suppression of this fulsome self-help the human beings to achieve the true human position and the nearness of the soul to God.
Key word:
Lust, Lust Management, Saadi Bustan