Soghra Ebrahimi Ghavam, Hasan Khezri
Predicting Bullying and Victimization, Based on School Connectedness and Family Cohesion in an Iranian Sample
The aim of this research was to predicting bullying and victimization in school students (boys &
girls) in Shiraz, in accordance to the school connectedness and the family cohesion. For this
purpose, 564 students from middle schools were selected by cluster random sampling and they
completed Illinois Bullying Scale, Family Adaptability and Cohesion Evaluation Scale (FACES
II), and Student Perceptions of School Connectedness scale. Analysis was performed using
SPSS16 software showed that the school connectedness with the standard beta coefficient -0.372,
t= - 9.28 at the 99% confidence level (p<0.01) and family cohesion, with standardized beta
coefficient -0.184, t= - 4.59 at the 99% confidence level (p<0.01) predicted 22% of the variance
of bullying. Also, was found that the school connectedness with the standard beta coefficient -
0.310, t=- 7.313 at the 99% confidence level (p<0.01) and family cohesion, with standardized
beta coefficient -0.090, t= - 2.115 at the 99% confidence level (p<0.01) predicted 13% of the
variance of victimization. In general, findings indicate that the weakness of family cohesion and
school connectedness can be fertile ground for violent behaviour at school (bullying and being
victimized) by the students.
Middle school students, Bullying, Victimization, Family Cohesion, School Connectedness.
Abolghasem Yaghoobi, Mehri Mokhtaran, Serwa Mohammadzadeh
Predicting Academic Burnout (Exhaustion) based on Cognitive Styles and Psychological Resilience
The aim of this research was to anticipate academic burnout based on cognitive styles and psychological resilience.
Statistical population comprised of all the high school girl students in Hamadan, in 2014. The number of society was
9900students and 368 students selected as sample group according to Morgan#39;s table and by Multistage cluster
sampling, students filled3 scales Berso educational fatigue scale, Connor and Davidson resilience scale and latent
difficulties group scale. Results showed that there was significant difference between students ‘educational fatigue
scale based on cognitive styles and psychological resilience. Cognitive style and psychological resilience also had
significant effect on educational fatigue in students. Totally, psychological variables such as cognitive styles and
resilience have important role in academic performance. With recognizing this determinant and on time intervention,
we can decrease and prevent academic burnout.
educational fatigue, cognitive styles, psychological resilience.
Reza Fallahchai, Maryam Fallahi
Comparison of Gender Differences in Attitudes, Expectations and Purposes of Marriage of University Students in Bandar-Abbas
This study examined gender differences in attitudes, expectations and purposes of marriage among university students in Bandar-Abbas. 627 participants (62.8% female and 37.2% male) were selected to participate from the available population. They were asked to complete the Socio-demographic Characteristics Form, a semi-structured interview on their intents and purposes of marriage, and the Marital Scales, which measure attitudes and expectations of marriage. Findings indicated that 90.2% of the participants intended to marry. The emotional, religious, and sexual were the three main purposes of marriage. The Findings indicated significant differences in priorities of marriage purposes among men and women. The results revealed that there were significant differences between attitudes and expectations of marriage of men and women.
gender differences, marital attitudes, marital expectations, purposes of marriage.
Nasser Behroozi, Zahra Rafiee, Alireza Haji Yakhchali
Personality Characteristics, Sensation-Seeking, Locus of Control and Exam Anxiety as the Predictors of Exam Cheating Among the High School Students in Ahvaz City
The research purpose is to evaluate the personality characteristics, sensation-seeking, locus of control and exam anxiety as the predictors of exam cheating among the high school students in Ahvaz City. Hence, the research employed a correlational and predictive method. The sample comprised 79 students with cheating background and 78 students without cheating background in the high schools of Ahvaz City. The selection of the cheating group was done with the confirmation and agreement of at least three teachers in each class and the non-cheating students were also randomly selected from the same class. The employed tools included Zukerman scale of sensation-seeking, Nowicki-Strickland Scale of locus of control and Friedman test anxiety scale. The data were analyzed using discriminant analysis method. The obtained results indicated that, the linear combination of the research variables can predict students’ cheating in the exams in the high schools located in Ahvaz City. Moreover, findings indicated that, sensation-seeking and consciousness are the predictors of high school student’s cheating.
cheating in exam, personality characteristics, sensation-seeking, locus of control, exam anxiety
The Effectiveness of Cognitive – Behavioral Group Therapy on the Quality of Life Improvement among Addict Females
Quality of life is an important subject in social sciences, from sociology to economy, from political science to psychology. The purpose of this present study was to investigate the effect of Cognitive – Behavioral Group Therapy on life quality improvement among addict females. The research method was semi experimental and to gathering of research data, the WHOQOL-BREF quality of life questionnaire was used as study instrument. To this aim, 30 participants from addict females were randomly selected and divided to two control and experimental sub groups. After the doing group cognitive - behavioral intervention in 8 sessions, each subgroup were post tested again by quality of life questionnaire and the covariance method of analysis is used to analyzed of data. The results of score comparison in the pre and post - test stages showed that training the communicational skills causes significant influence on the life quality among experimental objects (p<0.01).: Therefore it is concluded that the cognitive – behavioral method is effective on life quality improvement among addict females.
Cognitive – Behavioral Group Therapy, quality of life, addict females.
Mazaher Borna, Firooz Mahmudi, Sadegh Mousavi
Investigating Parent Involvement in Children Education
The phenomenon of parents#39; role and involvement in children#39;s education is one of the prominent phenomenon in
the world education sector today. Here, we are to look into how parents get involve their children#39;s education and
some other likely ensued issues. The qualitative and descriptive-analytic are the ways at which this research is being
approached. Based on reasonable sampling and a ‘snowball method#39;, 9 families in Tabriz were chosen. As a result of
data collection, a semi-structured interview was utilized. Content analysis of interviews context and the analysis of
information are included in the analysis method. Through discoveries, we found parents play important roles in
some of the challenges facing their children#39;s education, such as not paying teachers, anxiety to support, unseen
learners, non-rigid educational system.
parental involvement, education, semi-structured interview