All Page Of Iranian Evolutionary Educational Psychology Journal

Authors:

Hasan Khezri

Title:

Predicting bullying and victimization, based on school connectedness and family cohesion in an Iranian sample

Abstract:
The aim of current research was to predicting bullying and victimization in school students (boys & girls) in Shiraz, according to the school connectedness and the family cohesion. For this purpose 564 students from middle schools were selected by cluster random sampling and they completed Illinois Bullying Scale, Family Adaptability and Cohesion Evaluation Scale (FASEC II), and Student Perceptions of School Connectedness scale. Analysis was performed using SPSS16 software showed that the school connectedness with the standard beta coefficient -0.372, t= - 9.28 at the 99% confidence level (p<0.01) and family cohesion, with standardized beta coefficient -0.184, t= - 4.59 at the 99% confidence level (p<0.01) predicted 22% of the variance of bullying. Also, was found that the school connectedness with the standard beta coefficient -0.310, t=- 7.313 at the 99% confidence level (p<0.01) and family cohesion, with standardized beta coefficient -0.090, t= - 2.115 at the 99% confidence level (p<0.01) predicted 13% of the variance of victimization. In general, findings indicate that the weakness of family cohesion and school connectedness can be fertile ground for violent behavior at school (bullying and being victimized) by the students.
Key word:
Middle school students, Bullying, Victimization, Family Cohesion, School Connectedness.

Authors:

Abolghasem Yaghoobi, Mehri Mokhtaran, Serwa Mohammadzadeh

Title:

Predicting Academic Burnout (Exhaustion) based on Cognitive Styles and Psychological Resilience

Abstract:
The aim of this research was to anticipate academic burnout based on cognitive styles and psychological resilience. Statistical population comprised of all the high school girl students in Hamadan, in 2014. The number of society was 9900students and 368 students selected as sample group according to Morgan#39;s table and by Multistage cluster sampling, students filled3 scales Berso educational fatigue scale, Connor and Davidson resilience scale and latent difficulties group scale. Results showed that there was significant difference between students ‘educational fatigue scale based on cognitive styles and psychological resilience. Cognitive style and psychological resilience also had significant effect on educational fatigue in students. Totally, psychological variables such as cognitive styles and resilience have important role in academic performance. With recognizing this determinant and on time intervention, we can decrease and prevent academic burnout.
Key word:
educational fatigue, cognitive styles, psychological resilience.

Authors:

Reza Fallahchai, Maryam Fallahi

Title:

Comparison of Gender Differences in Attitudes, Expectations and Purposes of Marriage of University Students in Bandar-Abbas

Abstract:
This study examined gender differences in attitudes, expectations and purposes of marriage among university students in Bandar-Abbas. 627 participants (62.8% female and 37.2% male) were selected to participate from the available population. They were asked to complete the Socio-demographic Characteristics Form, a semi-structured interview on their intents and purposes of marriage, and the Marital Scales, which measure attitudes and expectations of marriage. Findings indicated that 90.2% of the participants intended to marry. The emotional, religious, and sexual were the three main purposes of marriage. The Findings indicated significant differences in priorities of marriage purposes among men and women. The results revealed that there were significant differences between attitudes and expectations of marriage of men and women.
Key word:
gender differences, marital attitudes, marital expectations, purposes of marriage.

Authors:

Nasser Behroozi, Zahra Rafiee, Alireza Haji Yakhchali

Title:

Personality Characteristics, Sensation-Seeking, Locus of Control and Exam Anxiety as the Predictors of Exam Cheating Among the High School Students in Ahvaz City

Abstract:
The research purpose is to evaluate the personality characteristics, sensation-seeking, locus of control and exam anxiety as the predictors of exam cheating among the high school students in Ahvaz City. Hence, the research employed a correlational and predictive method. The sample comprised 79 students with cheating background and 78 students without cheating background in the high schools of Ahvaz City. The selection of the cheating group was done with the confirmation and agreement of at least three teachers in each class and the non-cheating students were also randomly selected from the same class. The employed tools included Zukerman scale of sensation-seeking, Nowicki-Strickland Scale of locus of control and Friedman test anxiety scale. The data were analyzed using discriminant analysis method. The obtained results indicated that, the linear combination of the research variables can predict students’ cheating in the exams in the high schools located in Ahvaz City. Moreover, findings indicated that, sensation-seeking and consciousness are the predictors of high school student’s cheating.
Key word:
cheating in exam, personality characteristics, sensation-seeking, locus of control, exam anxiety

Authors:

Masoud Alikhani, Sajad Farhadi

Title:

Comparison of Cognitive Emotion Regulation Strategies and Attachment Styles in Women with and without Marital Conflict

Abstract:
Today, one of the problems that society faces is the marital conflict and the increase of divorce. Marital conflict is influenced by many variables and issues and this issue has a great adverse impact on family structure and society also has enormous consequences and needs much all-out attention than before. This research also aimed at the same goal. The objective of the present research was to study and compare the cognitive emotion regulation strategies and attachment styles of women with and without marital conflicts. The method of the present study is descriptive and research design is casual-comparative. The statistical population of the present study consisted of all women referring counseling centers in Tehran during four months from January 2016 to April 2016. The sample size included 60 women with marital conflicts and 60 women without marital conflicts that were selected through convenience sampling method. Research data were collected through Sanaei questionnaire for marital conflicts, Garnefski’s questionnaire for cognitive emotion adjustment- short form (18 items); and Hazan and Shiever’s attachment styles, and were analyzed by multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA). The analysis of data showed that there was a significant difference between the cognitive emotion adjustment strategies and attachment styles in women with and without marital conflicts. According to the findings which show difference between the cognitive emotion adjustment strategies and attachment styles in women with and without marital conflicts, we can conclude that these variables are directly or indirectly effective in creating or intensifying or continuing the marital conflicts.
Key word:
marital conflicts, cognitive emotion adjustment strategies, attachment styles.

Authors:

Eghbal Zarei

Title:

The Effectiveness of Cognitive – Behavioral Group Therapy on the Quality of Life Improvement among Addict Females

Abstract:
Quality of life is an important subject in social sciences, from sociology to economy, from political science to psychology. The purpose of this present study was to investigate the effect of Cognitive – Behavioral Group Therapy on life quality improvement among addict females. The research method was semi experimental and to gathering of research data, the WHOQOL-BREF quality of life questionnaire was used as study instrument. To this aim, 30 participants from addict females were randomly selected and divided to two control and experimental sub groups. After the doing group cognitive - behavioral intervention in 8 sessions, each subgroup were post tested again by quality of life questionnaire and the covariance method of analysis is used to analyzed of data. The results of score comparison in the pre and post - test stages showed that training the communicational skills causes significant influence on the life quality among experimental objects (p<0.01).: Therefore it is concluded that the cognitive – behavioral method is effective on life quality improvement among addict females.
Key word:
Cognitive – Behavioral Group Therapy, quality of life, addict females.

Authors:

Mazaher Borna, Firooz Mahmudi, Sadegh Mousavi

Title:

Investigating Parent Involvement Experiences in the Education of Children

Abstract:
One of the educational phenomenons in the today world is the phenomenon of "parental involvement in children#39;s education". This study aimed to examine how parental involvement in children#39;s education and related issues was conducted. Approach of The study was qualitative and descriptive-analytic. In which 9 families in Tabriz based on purposive sampling and a "snowball method" were selected. To collect data, a semi-structured interview was used. The analysis method included content analysis of interviews context and analysis of information. The findings suggest that parents involved in the education of children appear in various roles such as unpaid teachers, hidden learners, anxious supporters, partners and amateur critic of the educational system.
Key word:
parental involvement, education, semi-structured interview.