Volume 2, Issue 1 (March 2020)                   Iranian Evolutionary and Educational Psychology 2020, 2(1): 71-80 | Back to browse issues page

XML Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Safara M, Rafiee S. The Effectiveness of Empathy Training on Social Adjustment and School Belonging in Elementary Sixth-Grade Students. Iranian Evolutionary and Educational Psychology. 2020; 2 (1) :71-80
URL: http://ieepj.hormozgan.ac.ir/article-1-165-en.html
1- Alzahra University, Women Research Center, Department of Psychology, Tehran
2- Department of Educational Psychology, Islamic Azad University of Tabas, Tabas Branch, Tabas
Abstract:   (1216 Views)
The present study aimed to investigate the effectiveness of empathy training on social adjustment and belonging to the school in elementary school students. The present study was conducted as a semi-experimental two-group pretest-posttest design. The statistical population was all sixth grade elementary school students in Tabas city in the academic year of 2016-2017. The study sample was 30 people who were selected by cluster random sampling method. The tools used to collecting data were: Belonging to school inventory and  Bell’s adjustment inventory  For data analysis, Descriptive statistics such as mean, standard deviation, and Univariate and Multivariate analysis of covariance were used (p < 0.01). The findings indicated that the mean of the experimental group in the components of social adjustment and belonging to the school increased compared to the control group (p <0.05). Therefore, it can be concluded that empathy training has been effective in increasing social adjustment and students’ belonging to the school.
Full-Text [PDF 330 kb]   (748 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original | Subject: Educational Psychology
Received: 2019/06/17 | Accepted: 2020/01/3 | Published: 2020/03/26

1. Adelabu, D. H. (2007). Time perspective and school membership as correlates to academic achievement among African American adolescents. Adolescence, 42(167), 525-538.
2. Ahmadi, MR. (2006). Psychological foundations of effective parenting relationship with children in the family environment. Journal of Ma'refat, 15 (104), 18.
3. Alavi Gonabadi, J. (2010). Life skills in the religious point of view. Mashhad: Razavi Islamic Sciences University.
4. Bani Asadi, I.; Borjali, A.; Mofidi, F.; Bani Asadi, F. (2015). The effectiveness of empathy educational program on bullying in the children of 4 to 6 years old in pre- school centers. Quarterly of Preschool and Elemntary School Studies, 1 (1), 1-29.
5. Basir Shabestari, S.; Shirin Beck, I.; Sefidi, F.; Deliri Sherkat, H. (2013). Investigating the relationship between social adjustment and academic achievement of dentistry students in academic year 2010-2011. Journal of Medical Education Development, 6 (11), 1-10.
6. Beatty, B. & Brew, C. (2005). Measuring student sense of connectedness with school: The development of an instrument for use in secondary schools. Leading and Managing, 11(2), 103-118.
7. Borba, M. (2001). Building moral intelligence: The seven essential virtues that teach children to do the right thing. USA: Jossey- Bass.
8. Brew, C., Beatty, B., & Watt, A. (2004). Measuring students' sense of connectedness with school. In Australian Association for Research in Education Annual Conference, Melbourne.
9. Brunero, S.; Lamont, S.; Coates, M. (2010). A review of empathy education in nursing. Nursing Inquiry, 17(1), 65-74. [DOI:10.1111/j.1440-1800.2009.00482.x]
10. Cheraghian, M. (2015). The Study of positive thinking effectiveness on increasing a sense of school belonging and positive relationships with others. M.A thesis, Allameh Tabataba'i University, Tehran.
11. Collier, M.J. & Thomas, M. (1988). Cultural identity, In Y.Y. Kim & W.B. Gudykunst (Eds.), Theories of intercultural communication (pp. 99-120). Newbury Park, CA: Sage.
12. Emami Naeini, N. (2010). Empathy. Tehran: Ministry of Culture and Islamic Guidance Publications.
13. Barzegar Bafravei, K. (2015). The effect of empathy education on social adjustment and aggression of female students. Research in School and Virtual Environment, 3 (9), 21-23.
14. Golmohammadnejad Bahrami, G.; Rahimi, E. (2016). The effectiveness of metacognitive strategies education on social adjustment and social self-efficacy in Naghadeh high school female students. Journal of Education and Evaluation, 9 (35), 65-81.
15. Gordon, M. (2003). Roots of empathy: Responsive parenting, caring societies. The Keio journal of medicine, 52(4), 236-243. [DOI:10.2302/kjm.52.236]
16. Homayoun, S.; Birami, M. (2015). The relationship between empathy and coping with bullying in high school male students in Tabriz. 4th International Conference on Psychology and Social Sciences, Tehran.
17. John Bozorgi, M.; Nouri, N.; Agah Harris, M. (2011). Teaching ethics, social behavior, and law abiding to children: Practical Guide. Tehran: Arjmand.
18. Jolliffe, D., & Farrington, D. P. (2004). Empathy and offending: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Aggression and violent behavior, 9(5), 441-476. [DOI:10.1016/j.avb.2003.03.001]
19. Khalili, T.; Faraghdani, A.; Shaterian Mohammadi, F. (2016). The Effectiveness of combined teaching of theory of mind and the four-factor program of empathy on emotional-social self-efficacy and bullying in elementary students. Rooyesh-e- Ravanshenasi Journal, 5 (2), 71-92.
20. Makian, R.S.; Kalantar Kousheh, S.M. (2015). Normalization of a sense of school belonging questionnaire and its relationship with academic burnout and achievement motivation among students of Tehran. Educational Measurement, 5 (20), 119-138.
21. Matthys, W., & Lochman, J. E. (2010). Oppositional defiant disorder and conduct disorder in childhood. Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell. [DOI:10.1002/9780470684382]
22. McNeely, C.A.; Nonnemaker, J. M.; Blum, R.W. (2002). Promoting school connectedness: Evidence from the national longitudinal study of adolescent health. Journal of School Health, 72(4), 138-146. [DOI:10.1111/j.1746-1561.2002.tb06533.x]
23. Mikaili Moni', F.; Madadi Imamzadeh, Z. (2008). Investigating the relationship between emotional-social intelligence and social adjustment in students with disciplinary judgment and comparing it with students without judgment in Urmia University. Modern Psychological Research, 3 (11), 99-121.
24. Posht Mashhadi, M.; Ahmad Abadi, Z.; Panaghi, L.; Zadeh Mohammadi, A.; Rafiei, H. (2010). School belonging in tendency to cigarette, alcohol and drug abuse among high school adolescents in Tehran. Journal of Behavioral Sciences, 8 (1), 46-56.
25. Rieffe, C.; Ketelaar, L.; Wiefferink, C. H. (2010). Assessing empathy in young children: Construction and validation of an Empathy Questionnaire (EmQue). Personality and Individual Differences 49(5), 362-367. [DOI:10.1016/j.paid.2010.03.046]
26. Robbinson, N.; Robinson, HB. (2009). The Mentally Retarded Child a Psychological Approach.Translated by Farhad Maher, Mashad: Astan Qods.
27. Rowe, F.; Stewart, D.; Patterson, C. (2007). Promoting school connectedness through whole school approaches. Health Education, 107(6), 524-542. [DOI:10.1108/09654280710827920]
28. Shahrakipour, H.; Shir Mohammadi, R.; Nadri, K. (2010). Evaluation of life skills training on social adjustment of first year high school students from the perspective of teachers of this course. Social Research, 7,3, 159-185.
29. Strayer, J.; Roberts, W. (2004). Empathy and observed anger and aggression in five year-olds. Social Development, 13, 1, 1-13. [DOI:10.1111/j.1467-9507.2004.00254.x]
30. Taher, M.; Abolghasemi, A.; Hajloo, N.; Narimani, M. (2016). The Efficacy of Empathy and Anger Management Training on Response Inhibition in Children with Oppositional Defiant Disorder. Middle Eastern Journal of Disability Studies, 6, 224-231.
31. Tajfel, H.; Turner, J. C. (2007). An integrative theory of inter-group conflict, in approach to psychological aducation. Journal of counseling psychology, 75, 500-503.
32. Tolabi, Z. Samadi, S., Motaharinezhad, F. (2013). Investigating the mediating role of self-esteem and self-efficacy in the relationship between Islamic lifestyle and social adjustment of the youth in Mashhad. Journal of Sociological Studies of the Youth, 3 (9), 115-132.
33. Warbah, L., Sathiyaseelan, M., Vijayakumar, C., Vasantharaj, B., Russell, S., & Jacob, K. S. (2007). Psychological distress, personality, and adjustment among nursing students. Nurse education today, 27(6), 597-601. [DOI:10.1016/j.nedt.2006.09.002]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© 2022 CC BY-NC 4.0 | Iranian Evolutionary and Educational Psychology Journal

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb