Volume 2, Issue 1 (March 2020)                   Iranian Evolutionary and Educational Psychology 2020, 2(1): 24-32 | Back to browse issues page


XML Print


1- PhD Student, Department of Psychology, Marvdasht Branch, Islamic Azad University, Marvdasht
2- Professor, Department of Psychology, Marvdasht Branch, Islamic Azad University, Marvdasht
3- Professor, Department of Psychology, Marvdasht Branch, Islamic Azad University
4- Associate Professor, Department of Psychology, Marvdasht Branch, Islamic Azad University, Marvdasht
Abstract:   (1792 Views)
The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between personality characteristics of single-parent, two-parent and multi-parent families with their parent-child relationship in Sari. In a correlational study, 324 high school male and female high school students in Sari were selected by simple random sampling and completed the NEO 5-Factor Personality Questionnaire and Parent-Child Relationship Questionnaire (PCRS). The data was analyzed by SPSS software using descriptive statistics and linear regression. The results showed that personality traits explained 49.5% variance of father-child relationship in single-parent families, 25.4% variance of father -child relationship in two-child families and 26.3% variance of father -child relationship in multi-child families (p < 0.01). Furthermore, the results indicated that personality traits explained 20.8 % variance of mother-child relationship in single-parent families, 36.9% variance of mother-child relationship in two-child families and 32.7% variance of mother-child relationship in multi-child families (p < 0.01).  Therefore, personality traits of students are effective in explaining the parent-child relationship of families.
Full-Text [PDF 293 kb]   (1059 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original | Subject: Evolutionary Psychology
Received: 2019/09/15 | Accepted: 2019/12/18 | Published: 2020/03/26

References
1. Allen, Bem P. (2015). Personality theories: Development, growth, and diversity: Psychology Press.
2. Avia, MD, Sanz, J, Sánchez-Bernardos, ML, Martínez-Arias, MR, Silva, F, & Graña, JL. (1995). The five-factor model-II. Relations of the NEO-PI with other personality variables. Personality and Individual Differences, 19(1), 81-97. [DOI:10.1016/0191-8869(95)00007-S]
3. Basu, Alaka Malwade, & Desai, Sonalde. (2010). Middle class dreams: India's one child families. Paper presented at the Population Association of America Annual Conference, Dallas, Texas: April.
4. Carnes-Holt, Kara. (2012). Child-parent relationship therapy for adoptive families. The Family Journal, 20(4), 419-426. [DOI:10.1177/1066480712451242]
5. Cervone, Daniel, & Pervin, Lawrence A. (2015). Personality, binder ready version: theory and research: John Wiley & Sons.
6. Chan-Ob, Tinnakorn, Boonyanaruthee, Vudhichai, Pinyopornpanich, Manee, Intaprasert, Suthi, & Kuntawongse, Nahathai. (2002). The birth order and personalities of medical students. Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand= Chotmaihet thangphaet, 85(1), 97-101.
7. Costa Jr, Paul T, & McCrae, Robert R. (2008). The Revised NEO Personality Inventory (NEO-PI-R): Sage Publications, Inc.
8. Fadaei, Elham, Kanani, Kobra, Molavi, Hossein, & Nouri, Abulghassem. (2009). A comparison of neuroticism of Abusive and Non-abusive Husbands and Their characteristics as perceived by their wives in Isfahan, 2007. Knowledge & Research in Applied Psychology, 67-78.
9. Goel, Manisha, & Aggarwal, Preeti. (2012). A comparative study of self confidence of single child and child with sibling. International journal of research in social sciences, 2(3), 89-98.
10. Ha, Tshui Sun, & Tam, Cai Lian. (2011). A study of birth order, academic performance, and personality. Paper presented at the International Conference on Social Science and Humanity, IPEDR.
11. Helle, Ashley C, Trull, Timothy J, Widiger, Thomas A, & Mullins-Sweatt, Stephanie N. (2017). Utilizing interview and self-report assessment of the Five-Factor Model to examine convergence with the alternative model for personality disorders. Personality Disorders: Theory, Research, and Treatment, 8(3), 247. [DOI:10.1037/per0000174]
12. Heratian, Abbas Ali., Satourian, Seyed Abbas., Zarei, Mohammad., Janbuzargi, Masoud., & Agaharis, Mojgan. (2015). Investigation of differences in marital conflict, irrational beliefs, early maladaptive psychoses, and religious commitment of parents with one and more children. Journal of Psychology and Religion, 31(93-112 [In Persian]).
13. Jaafari, Shahla. (2017). Comparison of the personality profile of adolescents in single children and adolescents in multiparous families. (M.Sc), Islamic Azad University, Marvdasht Branch, Iran [In Persian].
14. Liu, Chenying, Munakata, Tsunetsugu, & Onuoha, Francis N. (2005). Mental health condition of the only-child: a study of urban and rural high school students in China. Adolescence, 40(160).
15. Morss, John R. (1990). The biologising of childhood: Developmental psychology and the Darwinian myth: Taylor & Francis.
16. Murray, Greg, Judd, Fiona, Jackson, Henry, Fraser, Caitlin, Komiti, Angela, Pattison, Pip, & Robins, Garry. (2009). Personality for free: Psychometric properties of a public domain Australian measure of the five-factor model. Australian Journal of Psychology, 61(3), 167-174. [DOI:10.1080/00049530802326784]
17. Norman, Warren T. (1963). Toward an adequate taxonomy of personality attributes: Replicated factor structure in peer nomination personality ratings. The Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 66(6), 574. [DOI:10.1037/h0040291]
18. Pervin, Lawrence A. (1970). Personality: Theory, assessment, and research. Oxford, England: John Wiley & Sons.
19. Philip, Smitha. (2015). Personality development and parental support a comparative analysis on only children and children with siblings in bangalore life. Sardar Patel University, India.
20. Polit, Denise F, & Falbo, Toni. (1987). Only children and personality development: A quantitative review. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 49(2), 309-325. [DOI:10.2307/352302]
21. Popov, Leonid M, & Ilesanmi, Ruth A. (2015). Parent-child relationship: Peculiarities and outcome. Rev. Eur. Stud., 7, 253. [DOI:10.5539/res.v7n5p253]
22. Riggio, Heidi R. (1999). Personality and social skill differences between adults with and without siblings. The Journal of Psychology, 133(5), 514-522. [DOI:10.1080/00223989909599759]
23. Schaffer, H Rudolph. (2006). Key concepts in developmental psychology: Sage. [DOI:10.4135/9781446278826]
24. Schultz, Duane P, & Schultz, Sydney Ellen. (2016). Theories of personality: Cengage Learning.
25. Shakerinia, Iraj, & Asghari, Farhad. (2016). The Associations between Parent-Child Relationship and Aggressive Behavior among Students. Quarterly Journal of Child Mental Health, 2(4), 21-34.
26. Stronge, Samantha, Shaver, John H, Bulbulia, Joseph, & Sibley, Chris G. (2019). Only children in the 21st century: Personality differences between adults with and without siblings are very, very small. Journal of Research in Personality, 83, 103868. [DOI:10.1016/j.jrp.2019.103868]
27. Werneck, Harald, Eder, Maximilian Oscar, Yanagida, Takuya, & Rollett, Brigitte. (2014). Predicting adolescents' parent-child relationship quality from parental personality, marital conflict and adolescents' personality. European Journal of Developmental Psychology, 11(2), 159-176. [DOI:10.1080/17405629.2013.876914]
28. Yaacob, Nik Rosila Nik, & Siew, Huong Sin. (2010). Mother working status and physical aggressive behaviour among children in Malaysia. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 5, 1061-1066. [DOI:10.1016/j.sbspro.2010.07.235]

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.